NABÓB to NACODA
NABÓB, s. Port. Nabâbo, and Fr. Nabab, from Hind. Nawab, which is the Ar. pl. of sing. Nayab (see
NAIB), a deputy, and was applied in a singular sense1 to a delegate of the supreme chief, viz. to a
Viceroy or chief Governor under the Great Mogul, e.g. the Nawab of Surat, the Nawab of Oudh, the
Nawab of Arcot, the Nawab Nazim of Bengal. From this use it became a title of rank without necessarily
having any office attached. It is now a title occasionally conferred, like a peerage, on Mahommedan
gentlemen of distinction and good service, as Rai and Raja are upon Hindus.
Nabob is used in two
ways : (a) simply as a corruption and representative of Nawab. We get it direct from the Port. nabâbo,
see quotation from Bluteau below. (b) It began to be applied in the 18th century, when the transactions
of Clive made the epithet familiar in England, to Anglo-Indians who returned with fortunes from the East
; and Footes play of The Nabob (Nábob) (1768) aided in giving general currency to the word in this
delante del Nauabo que es justicia mayor.Guerrero, Relacion, 70.
1615.There was as
Nababo in Surat a certain Persian Mahommedan (Mouro Parsio) called Mocarre Bethião, who had come
to Goa in the time of the Viceroy Ruy Lourenço de Tavora, and who being treated with much
familiarity and kindness by the Portuguese
came to confess that it could not but be that truth was with
Bocarro, p. 354.
1616.Catechumeni ergo parentes viros aliquot inducunt honestos et
assessores Nauabi, id est, judicis supremi, cui consiliarii erant, uti et Proregi, ut libellum famosum adversus
Pinnerum spargerent.Jarric, Thesaurus, iii. 378.
1652.The Nahab2 was sitting, according to the
custom of the Country, barefoot, like one of our Taylors, with a great number of Papers sticking between
his Toes, and others between the Fingers of his left hand, which Papers he drew sometimes from between
his Toes, sometimes from between his Fingers, and orderd what answers should be given to every
one. Tavernier, E. T. ii. 99 ; [ed. Ball, i. 291].
il prend la qualité de Nabab qui vault autant à
dire que monseigneur.De la Boullaye-le-Gouz (ed. 1657), 142.
1666.The ill-dealing of the Nahab
proceeded from a scurvy trick that was playd me by three Canary-birds at the Great Moguls Court. The
story whereof was thus in short
Tavernier, E.T. ii. 57 ; [ed. Ball, i. 134].
1673.Gaining by these
steps a nearer intimacy with the Nabob, he cut the new Business out every day.Fryer, 183.
when we were purposing next day to depart, there came letters out of the Moorish Camp from
the Nabab, the field-marshal of the Great Mogul.
Heiden Vervaarlijke Schíp-Breuk, 52.
Nundelall ye Nábabs Duan, who gave me a most courteous reception, rising up and taking of me by
ye hands, and ye like at my departure, which I am informed is a greater favour than he has ever shown
to any Franke.
Hedges, Diary, Oct. 27 ; [Hak. Soc. i. 42]. Hedges writes Nabob, Nabab, Navab,
1716.Nabâbo Termo do Mogol. He o Titolo do Ministro que he Cabeca.Bluteau, s.v.
few years ago, the Nabob or Vice - Roy of Chormondel, who resides at Chickakal, and who superintends
that Country for the Mogul, for some Disgust he had received from the Inhabitants of Diu Islands, would
have made a Present of them to the Colony of Fort St. George.A. Hamilton, i. 374 ; [ed. 1744].
have had a great man called the Nabob (who is the next person in dignity to the Great Mogul) to
visit the Governor.
His lady, with all her women attendance, came the night before him. All the guns
fired round the fort upon her arrival, as well as upon his ; he and she are Moors, whose women are
never seen by any man upon earth except their husbands.Letter from Madras in Mrs. Delanys Life,
1743.Every governor of a fort, and every commander of a district had assumed the title of
one day after having received the homage of several of these little lords, Nizam ul muluck said
that he had that day seen no less than eighteen Nabobs in the Carnatic.Orme, Reprint, Bk. i. 51.
a present should be made the Nobab that might prove satisfactory.In Long, 33.
And though my years have passed in this hard duty,
No Benefit acquiredno Nabobs booty.
at Fort Marlborough, by W.Marsden, in Mem. 9.
Of armaments by flood and field ;
Of Nabobs you have made to yield.