MORDEXIM to MOSQUITO
MORDEXIM, MORDIXIM, s. Also the name of a sea-fish. Bluteau says a fish found at the Isle of Quixembe
on the Coast of Mozambique, very like bogas (?) or river-pikes.
MOSELLAY, n.p. A site at Shiraz often mentioned by Hafiz as a favourite spot, and near which is his
Boy! let yon liquid ruby flow,
And bid thy pensive heart be glad,
Whateer the frowning zealots say;
them that Eden cannot show
A stream so clear as Rocnabad;
A bower so sweet as Mossellay.
Hafiz, rendered by Sir W. Jones.
1811.The stream of Rúknabád murmured near us; and within three or four hundred yards was the Mossellá
and the Tomb of Hafiz.W. Ouseleys Travels, i. 318.
1813.Not a shrub now remains of the bower
of Mossella, the situation of which is now only marked by the ruins of an ancient tower.Macdonald
Kinneirs Persia, 62.
MOSQUE, s. There is no room for doubt as to the original of this word being the Ar. masjid, a place
of worship, literally the place of sujud, i.e. prostration. And the probable course is this. Masjid becomes
(1) in Span. mezquita, Port. mesquita;1 (2) Ital. meschita, moschea ; French (old) mosquete, mosquée
; (3) Eng. mosque. Some of the quotations might suggest a different course of modification, but they
would probably mislead.
Apropos of masjid rather than of mosque we have noted a ludicrous misapplication
of the word in the advertisement to a newspaper story. Musjeed the Hindoo ; Adventures with the Star
of India in the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The Weekly Detroit Free Press, London, July 1, 1882.
1336.Corpusque ipsius perditissimi Pseudo-prophetae
in civitate quae Mecha dicitur
pro maximo sanctuario
conservatur in pulchrâ ipsorum Ecclesiâ quam Mulscket vulgariter dicunt.Gul. de Boldensele, in Canisii
Thesaur. ed. Basnage, iv.
1384.Sonvi le mosquette, cioe chiese de Saraceni
dentro tutte bianche
ed intonicate ed ingessate.Frescobaldi, 29.
1543.And with the stipulation that the 5000 larin tangas
which in old times were granted, and are deposited for the expenses of the mizquitas of Baçaim,
are to be paid from the said duties as they always have been paid, and in regard to the said mizquitas
and the prayers that are made in them there shall be no innovation whatever.Treaty at Baçaim
of the Portuguese with King Bador of Çanbaya (Bahadur Shah of Guzerat) in S. Botelho, Tombo,
but destined yet to unfurl that divine and royal banner of the Soldiery of Christ
in the Eastern
regions of Asia, amidst the infernal mesquitas of Arabia and Persia, and all the pagodes of the heathenism
of India, on this side and beyond the Ganges.Barros, I. i. 1.
[c. 1610.The principal temple, which
they call Oucourou misquitte (Hukuru miskitu, Friday mosque).Pyrard de Laval, Hak. Soc. i. 72.]
are very jealous to let their women or Moschees be seen.Sir T. Roe, in Purchas, i. 537 ;
[Hak. Soc. ii. 21].
[1623.We went to see upon the same Lake a meschita, or temple of the Mahometans.P.
della Valle, Hak. Soc. i. 69.]
Que a de abominação mesquita immuda
Casa, a Deos dedicada hoje se veja.
Malaca Conquistada, 1. xii. 43.
1638.Mandelslo unreasonably applies the term to all sorts of pagan temples, e.g.
Nor is it only in
great Cities that the Benjans have their many Mosqueys.
E.T. 2nd ed. 1669, p. 52.
The King of
Siam is a Pagan, nor do his Subjects know any other Religion. They have divers Mosquees, Monasteries,
and Chappels.Ibid. p. 104.
he did it only for love to their Mammon ; and would have sold
afterwards for as much more St. Peters
to the Turks for a Mosquito.Cowley, Discourse concerning
the Govt. of O. Cromwell.
1680.Consn. Ft. St. Geo. March 28 = Records the death of Cassa Verona
and a dispute arising as to whether his body should be burned by the Gentues or buried by the Moors,
the latter having stopped the procession on the ground that the deceased was a Mussleman and built
a Musseet in the Towne to be buried in, the Governor with the advice of his Council sent an order that