LAXIMANA to LEWCHEW
LAXIMANA, LAQUESIMENA, &c., s. Malay Laksamana, from Skt. lakshmana, having fortunate tokens (which was the name of a mythical hero, brother of Rama). This was the title of one of the highest dignitaries in the Malay State, commander of the forces.
1511.There used to be in Malaca five principal dignities the third is Lassamane; this is Admiral of the Sea. Alboquerque, by Birch, iii. 87.
LEAGUER, s. The following use of this word is now quite obsolete, we believe, in English; but it illustrates the now familiar German use of Lager-Bier, i.e. beer for laying down, for keeping (primarily in cask). The word in this sense is neither in Minshew (1627), nor in Bayley (1730).
1747.That the Storekeeper do provide Leaguers of good Columbo or Batavia arrack.Ft. St. David Consn., May 5 (MS. Record in India Office).
1770.They (Dutch at the Cape) receive a still smaller profit from 60 lecques of red wine, and 80 or 90 of white, which they carry to Europe every year. The lecque weighs about 1,200 pounds.Raynal, E.T. 1777, i. 231.
LEE, s. Chin. li. The ordinary Chinese itinerary measure. Books of the Jesuit Missionaries generally
interpret the modern li as 1/10 of a league, which gives about 3 li to the mile; more exactly, according
to Mr. Giles, 27 4/5 li = 10 miles; but it evidently varies a good deal in different parts of China, and has
also varied in the course of ages. Thus in the 8th century, data quoted by M. Vivien de St. Martin, from
Père Gaubil, show that the li was little more than 1/5 of an English mile. And from several concurrent
statements we may also conclude that the li is generalised so that a certain number of li, generally
100, stand for a days march. [Archdeacon Gray (China, ii. 101) gives 10 li as the equivalent of 3 1/3
English miles; Gen. Cunningham (Arch. Rep. i. 305) asserts that Hwen Thsang converts the Indian
yojanas into Chinese li at the rate of 40 li per yojana, or of 10 li per kos.] 1585.By the said booke
it is found that the Chinos haue amongst them but only three kind of measures; the which in their language
are called lii, pu, and icham, which is as much as to say, or in effect, as a forlong, league, or iorney: the
measure, which is called lii, hath so much space as a mans voice on a plaine grounde may bee hearde
in a quiet day, halowing or whoping with all the force and strength he may; and ten of these liis maketh
a pu, which is a great Spanish league; and ten pus maketh a dayes iourney, which is called icham,
which maketh 12 (sic) long leagues.Mendoza, i. 21.
LEECHEE, LYCHEE, s. Chin. li-chi, and in S. China (its native region) lai-chi; the beautiful and delicate fruit of the Nephelium litchi, Cambessèdes (N. O. Sapindaceae), a tree which has been for nearly a
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