KHALSA to KHOT
KHALSA, s. and adj. Hind. from Ar. khalsa (properly khalisa) pure, genuine. It has various technical meanings, but, as we introduce the word, it is applied by the Sikhs to their community and church (so to call it) collectively.
1783.The Sicques salute each other by the expression Wah Gooroo, without any inclination of the body, or motion of the hand. The Government at large, and their armies, are denominated Khalsa, and Khalsajee.Forsters Journey, edition 1808, i. 307.
And all the Punjab knows me, for my fathers name was known In the days of the conquering Khalsa, when I was a boy half-grown.
KHAN, s. a. Turki through Pers. Khan. Origina
lly this was a title, equivalent to Lo
rd or Prince, used
among the Mongol and Turk nomad hordes. Besides this sense, and an application to various other
chiefs and nobles, it has still become in Persia, and still more in Afghanistan, a sort of vague title like
Esq., whilst in India it has become a common affix to, or in fact part of, the name of Hindustanis out of every rank, properly, however of those claiming a Pathan descent. The tendency of swelling titles is always thus to degenerate, and when the value of Khan had sunk, a new form, Khan-Khanan (K
han of Khans) was devised at the Court of Delhi, and applied to one of the high officers of State.
KHANNA, CONNAH, &c. s. This term (Pers. khana, a house, a compartment, apartment, department,
receptacle, &c.) is used almost ad libitum in India in composition, sometimes with most incongruous
words, as bobachee (for bawarchi) connah, cook-house, buggy-connah, buggy, or coach-house,
bottle-khanna, tosha-khana (q.v.), &c. &c.
KHANSAMA. See CONSUMAH.
KHANUM, s. Turki, through Pers. khanum and khanim, a lady of rank; the feminine of the title Khan,
KHASS, KAUSS, &c., adj. Hind. from Ar. khass, special, particular, Royal. It has many particular applications, one of the most common being to estates retained in the hands of Goyernment, which are said to be held khass. The khass-mahal again, in a native house, is the womens apartment. Many years ago a white-bearded khansaman (see CONSUMAH), in the service of one of the present writers,
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