INDIAN to INTERLOPER
INDIAN. This word in English first occurs, according to Dr. Guest, in the following passage:
A.D. 433-440.Mid ebreum and indeum, and mid egyptum. In Guests English
Rhythms, ii. 86-87.
Mid israelum ic waes
But it may be queried whether indeum is not here an error for iudeum; the converse error to that supposed
to have been made in the printing of Othellos death-speechIndian, for Anglo-Indian.
of one whose hand
Like the base Judean
threw a pearl away.
Indian used for Mahout.
B.C. ? 116-105.And upon the beasts (the elephants)
there were strong towers of wood, which covered every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with
devices: there were also upon every one two and thirty strong men, that fought upon them, beside the
Indian that ruled them. I. Maccabees, vi. 37.
B.C. c. 150.Of Beasts (i.e. elephants) taken with
all their Indians there were ten; and of all the rest, which had thrown their Indians, he got possession
after the battle by driving them together.Polybius, Bk. i. ch. 40; see also iii. 46, and xi. 1. It is very
curious to sec the drivers of Carthaginian elephants thus called Indians, though it may be presumed
that this is only a Greek application of the term, not a Carthaginian use.
B.C. c. 20.Tertio die
castellum imminens fluvio Indo ventum est; cui fecerat nomen Indus ab elephanto dejectus.Livy,
Bk. xxxviii. 14. This Indus or Indian river, named after the Mahout thrown into it by his elephant, was
somewhere on the borders of Phrygia.
A.D. c. 210.Along with this elephant was brought up a female
one called Nikaia. And the wife of their Indian being near death placed her child of 30 days old beside
this one. And when the woman died a certain marvellous attachment grew up of the Beast towards the
Athenaeus, xiii. ch. 8.
our best Indians. In the idleness and obscurity of home they look back with fondness to the
country where they have been useful and distinguished, like the ghosts of Homers heroes, who prefer
the exertions of a labourer on the earth to all the listless enjoyments of Elysium. Elphinstone, in Life,
INDIGO, s. The plant Indigofera tinctoria, L. (N.O. Leguminosae), and the dark blue dye made from
it. Greek [Greek Text] Indikon. This word appears from Hippocrates to have been applied in his time
to pepper. It is also applied by Dioscorides to the mineral substance (a variety of the red oxide of iron)
called Indian red (F. Adams, Appendix to Dunbars Lexicon). [Liddell d. Scott call it a dark-blue dye,
indigo. The dye was used in Egyptian mummy-cloths (Wilkinson, Ancient Egypt, ed. 1878, ii. 163).]
A.D. c. 60.Of that which is called [Greek Text] Indikon one kind is produced spontaneously, being as
it were a scum thrown out by the Indian reeds; but that used for dyeing is a purple efflorescence which
floats on the brazen cauldrons, which the craftsmen skim off and dry. That is deemed best which is blue
in colour, succulent, and smooth to the touch.Dioscorides, v. cap. 107.
c. 70.After this
is a colour most esteemed; out of India it commeth; whereupon it tooke the name; and it is nothing
els but a slimie mud cleaving to the foame that gathereth about canes and reeds: whiles it is punned or
ground, it looketh blacke; but being dissolved it yeeldeth a woonderfull lovely mixture of purple and azur
Indico is valued at 20 denarii the pound. In physicke there is use of this Indico; for it doth assuage
swellings that doe stretch the skin. Plinie, by Ph. Holland, ii. 531.
c. 80-90.This river (Sinthus, i.e.
Indus) has 7 mouths
and it has none of them navigable except the middle one only, on which there is
a coast mart called Barbaricon.
The articles imported into this mart are.
On the other hand there are
exported Costus, Bdellium
and Indian Black ( [Greek Text] Indikon melan, i.e. Indigo).Periplus,
1298.(At Coilum) They have also abundance of very fine indigo (ynde). This is made of a
certain herb which is gathered and [after the roots have been removed] is put into great vessels upon
which they pour water, and then leave it till the whole of the plant is decomposed.
Marco Polo, Bk.
iii. ch. 22.
1584.Indico from Zindi and Cambaia. Barrett, in Hakl. ii. 413.
for all which
we shall buie Ryse, Indico, Lapes Bezar which theare in aboundance are to be hadd.Birdwood, First
Letter Book, 77.
to buy such Comodities as they shall finde there as Indico, of Laher (Lahore),
here worth viijs the pounde Serchis and the best Belondri.
Ibid. 287. Serchis is Sarkhej,
the Sercaze of Forbes (Or. Mem., 2nd ed. ii. 204) near Ahmadabad: Sir G. Birdwood with some hesitation