IDALCAN to IMPALE
IDALCAN, HIDALCAN, and sometimes IDALXA, n.p. The title by which the Portuguese distinguished the kings of the Mahommedan dynasty of Bijapur which rose at the end of the 15th century on the dissolution of the Bahmani kingdom of the Deccan. These names represented Adil Khan, the title of the founder before he became king, more generally called by the Portuguese the Sabaio (q.v.), and Adil Shah, the distinctive style of all the kings of the dynasty. The Portuguese commonly called their kingdom Balaghaut (q.v.).
1510.The Hidalcan entered the city (Goa) with great festivity and rejoicings, and went to the castle to see what the ships were doing, and there, inside and out, he found the dead Moors, whom Timoja had slain; and round about them the brothers and parents and wives, raising great wailings and lamentations, thus the festivity of the Hidalcan was celebrated by weepings and wailings so that he sent João Machado to the Governor to speak about terms of peace. The Governor replied that Goa belonged to his lord the K. of Portugal, and that he would hold no peace with him (Hidalcan) unless he delivered up the city with all its territories. With which reply back went João Machado, and the Hidalcan on hearing it was left amazed, saying that our people were sons of the devil. Correa, ii. 98.
IMAUM, s. Ar. Imam, an exemplar, a leader (from a root signifying to aim at, to follow after), a title
technically applied to the Caliph (Khalifa) or Vi
cegerent, or Successor, who is the head of Islam. The title is also givenin its religious import onlyto the heads of the four orthodox sects
and in a more
restricted sense still, to the ordinary functionary of a mosque who leads in the daily prayers of the congregation
(Dr. Badger, Omân, App. A.). The title has been perhaps most familiar to Anglo-Indians as that of the
Princes of Oman, or Imaums of Muscat, as they were commonly termed. This title they derived from
being the heads of a sect (Ibadhiya) holdin
uliar doctrine as to the Imamate, and rejecting the Caliphate
of Ali or his successors. It has not be
en assumed by the Princes themselves since Said bin Ahmad who died in the early part of last century, but was always applied by the English to Saiyid Said, who reigned for 52 years, dying in 1856. Since then, and since the separation of the dominions of the dynasty in Oman and in Africa, the title Imam has no longer been used.
1673.At night we saw Muschat, whose vast and horrid Mountains no Shade but Heaven does hide. The Prince of this country is called Imaum, who is guardian at Mahomets Tomb, and on whom is devolved the right of Caliphship according to the Ottoman belief.Fryer, 220.
IMAUMBARRA, s. This is a hybrid word Imam-bara, in which the last part is the Hindi bara, an enclosure, &c. It is applied to a building maintained by Shia communities in India for the express purpose of celebrating the mohurrum ceremonies (see HOBSON-JOBSON). The sepulchre of the Founder and his family
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