DURJUN to DWARKA
[c. 1590.The Darbáns, or Porters. A thousand of these active men are employed to guard the palace.Ain, i. 258.]
DURWAUZA-BUND. The formula by which a native servant in an Anglo-Indian household intimates that his master or mistress cannot receive a visitorNot at homewithout the untruth. It is elliptical for darwaza band hai, the door is closed.
[1877.When they did not find him there, it was Darwaza bund.Allardyce, The City of Sunshine, i. 125.]
DUSSERA, DASSORA, DASEHRA, s. Skt. dasahara, H. dashara, Mahr. dasra; the nine-nights
(or ten days) festival in October, also called Durga-puja (see DOORGA-P.). In the west and south of
India this holiday, taking place after the close of the wet season, became a great military festival, and
the period when military expeditions were entered upon. The Mahrattas were alleged to celebrate the
occasion in a way characteristic of them, by destroying a village! The popular etymology of the word
and that accepted by the best authorities, is das, ten (sins) and har, that which takes away (or expiates).
It is, perhaps, rather connected with the ten days duration of the feast, or with its chief day being the
10th of the month (Asvina); but the origin is decidedly obscure. c. 1590.The autumn harvest he shall
begin to collect from the Deshereh, which is another Hindoo festival that also happens differently, from
the beginning of Virgo to the commencement of Libra.Ayeen, tr. Gladwin, ed. 1800, i. 307; [tr. Jarrett,
DUSTOOR, DUSTOORY, s. P.H. dastur, custom [see DESTOOR,] dasturi, that which is customary. That commission or percentage on the money passing in any cash transaction which, with or without acknowledgement or permission, sticks to the fingers of the agent of payment. Such customary appropriations are, we believe, very nearly as common in England as in India; a fact of which newspaper correspondence from time to time makes us aware, though Europeans in India, in condemning the natives, often forget, or are ignorant of this. In India the practice is perhaps more distinctly recognised, as the word denotes. Ibn Batuta tells us that at the Court of Delhi, in his time (c. 1340), the custom was for the officials to deduct 1\10 of every sum which the Sultan ordered to be paid from the treasury (see I. B. pp. 408, 426, &c.).
[1616.The dusturia in all bought goodes is a great matter.Sir T. Roe, Hak. Soc. ii. 350.]
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