BORNEO to BOWLY
BORNEO, n.p. This name, as applied to the great Island in its entirety, is taken from that of the capital town of the chief Malay State existing on it when it became known to Europeans, Bruné, Burné, Brunai, or Burnai, still existing and known as Brunei.
1516.In this island much camphor for eating is gathered, and the Indians value it highly. This island is called Borney. Barbosa, 203-4.
BORO-BODOR, or -BUDUR, n.p. The name
of a great Buddhistic monument of Indian character in
the district of
Kadu in Java; one of the most remarkable in the world. It is a quasi-pyramidal structure occupying the summit of a hill,
which apparently forms the core of the building. It is quadrangular in
plan, the sides, however, broken by
successive projections; each side of the basement, 406 feet. Including
the basement, it rises in six suc
cessive terraces, four of them forming corridors, the sides of which are
panelled with bas-reliefs, wh
ich Mr. Fergusson calculated would, if extended in a single line, cover three
miles of ground. The
se represent scenes in the life of Sakya Muni, scenes from the Jatakas, or pre-existences of Sakya, and other series of Buddhistic groups. Above the corridors the structure becomes circular, rising in three shallower stages, bordered with small dagobas (72 in number), and a large dagoba crowns the whole. The 72 dagobas are hollow, built in a kind of stone lattice, and each contains, or has contained, within, a stone Buddha in the usual attitude. In niches of the corridors also are numerous Buddhas larger than life, and about 400 in number. Mr. Fergusson concludes from various data that this wonderful structure must date from A.D. 650 to 800.
BOSH, s. and interj. This is alleged to be taken from the Turkish bosh, signifying empty, vain, useless, void of sense, meaning or utility (Red-houses Dict.). But we have not been able to trace its history or first appearance in English. [According to the N.E.D. the word seems to have come into use about 1834 under the influence of Moriers novels, Ayesha, Hajji Baba, &c. For various speculations on its origin see 5 ser. N. & Q. iii. 114, 173, 257.
[1843.The people flatter the Envoy into the belief that the tumult is Bash (nothing).Lady Sale, Journal, 47.]
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