Turning and boring mill, a kind of lathe having a vertical spindle and horizontal face plate, for turning and boring large work.Turning bridge. See the Note under Drawbridge.Turning engine, an engine lathe.Turning lathe, a lathe used by turners to shape their work.Turning pair. See the Note under Pair, n.Turning point, the point upon which a question turns, and which decides a case.

(Turn"ing*ness), n. The quality of turning; instability; tergiversation. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

(Tur"nip) n. [OE. turnep; probably fr. turn, or F. tour a turn, turning lathe + OE. nepe a turnip, AS. n&aemacrpe, L. napus. Cf. Turn,v. t., Navew.] (Bot.) The edible, fleshy, roundish, or somewhat conical, root of a cruciferous plant (Brassica campestris, var. Napus); also, the plant itself. [Formerly written also turnep.]

Swedish turnip(Bot.), a kind of turnip. See Ruta-baga.Turnip flea(Zoöl.), a small flea-beetle (Haltica, or Phyllotreta, striolata), which feeds upon the turnip, and often seriously injures it. It is black with a stripe of yellow on each elytron. The name is also applied to several other small insects which are injurious to turnips. See Illust. under Flea-beetle.Turnip fly. (Zoöl.) (a) The turnip flea. (b) A two-winged fly (Anthomyia radicum) whose larvæ live in the turnip root.

(Tur"nip-shell") n. (Zoöl.) Any one of several large, thick, spiral marine shells belonging to Rapa and allied genera, somewhat turnip-shaped.

(Tur"nix) n. [NL., fr. L. coturnix a quail.] (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of birds belonging to Turnix or Hemipodius and allied genera of the family Turnicidæ. These birds resemble quails and partridges in general appearance and in some of their habits, but differ in important anatomical characteristics. The hind toe is usually lacking. They are found in Asia, Africa, Southern Europe, the East Indian Islands, and esp. in Australia and adjacent islands, where they are called quails (see Quail, n., 3.). See Turnicimorphæ.

(Turn"key`) n.; pl. Turnkeys

1. A person who has charge of the keys of a prison, for opening and fastening the doors; a warder.

2. (Dentistry) An instrument with a hinged claw, — used for extracting teeth with a twist.

(Turn"-out`) n.; pl. Turn- outs

1. The act of coming forth; a leaving of houses, shops, etc.; esp., a quitting of employment for the purpose of forcing increase of wages; a strike; — opposed to lockout.

2. A short side track on a railroad, which may be occupied by one train while another is passing on a main track; a shunt; a siding; a switch.

3. That which is prominently brought forward or exhibited; hence, an equipage; as, a man with a showy carriage and horses is said to have a fine turn-out.

4. The aggregate number of persons who have come out, as from their houses, for a special purpose.

5. Net quantity of produce yielded.

(Turn"o`ver) n.

1. The act or result of turning over; an upset; as, a bad turnover in a carriage.

5. pl. The pieces, or chips, detached in the process of turning from the material turned.

6. (Mil.) A maneuver by which an enemy or a position is turned.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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