substance sweet to the taste; an event painful to the mind; duty to God and to our parents; a dislike to
Marks and points out each man of us to slaughter.B. Jonson.
Whilst they, distilledShak.
Almost to jelly with the act of fear,
Stand dumb and speak not to him.
Add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; and to knowledge temperance; and to temperance
patience; and to patience godliness; and to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.2 Pet. i. 5,6,7.
I have a king's oath to the contrary.Shak.
Numbers were crowded to death.Clarendon.
Fate and the dooming gods are deaf to tears.Dryden.
Go, buckle to the law.Dryden.
4. As sign of the infinitive, to had originally the use of last defined, governing the infinitive as a verbal
noun, and connecting it as indirect object with a preceding verb or adjective; thus, ready to go, i.e.,
ready unto going; good to eat, i.e., good for eating; I do my utmost to lead my life pleasantly. But it has
come to be the almost constant prefix to the infinitive, even in situations where it has no prepositional
meaning, as where the infinitive is direct object or subject; thus, I love to learn, i.e., I love learning; to
die for one's country is noble, i.e., the dying for one's country. Where the infinitive denotes the design
or purpose, good usage formerly allowed the prefixing of for to the to; as, what went ye out for see?
Then longen folk to go on pilgrimages,Chaucer.
And palmers for to seeken strange stranders.
Such usage is now obsolete or illiterate. In colloquial usage, to often stands for, and supplies, an infinitive
already mentioned; thus, he commands me to go with him, but I do not wish to.
5. In many phrases, and in connection with many other words, to has a pregnant meaning, or is used
elliptically. Thus, it denotes or implies: (a) Extent; limit; degree of comprehension; inclusion as far as; as,
they met us to the number of three hundred.
We ready are to try our fortunesShak.
To the last man.
Few of the Esquimaux can count to ten.Quant. Rev.
(b) Effect; end; consequence; as, the prince was flattered to his ruin; he engaged in a war to his cost; violent
factions exist to the prejudice of the state. (c) Apposition; connection; antithesis; opposition; as, they
engaged hand to hand.
Now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face.1 Cor. xiii. 12.
(d) Accord; adaptation; as, an occupation to his taste; she has a husband to her mind.
He to God's image, she to his was made.Dryden.
(e) Comparison; as, three is to nine as nine is to twenty-seven; it is ten to one that you will offend him.
All that they did was piety to this.B. Jonson.
(f) Addition; union; accumulation.
Wisdom he has, and to his wisdom, courage.Denham.