By the rood, by the cross; — a phrase formerly used in swearing. "No, by the rood, not so." Shak.Rood beam(Arch.), a beam across the chancel of a church, supporting the rood.Rood loft (Arch.), a loft or gallery, in a church, on which the rood and its appendages were set up to view. Gwilt.Rood screen(Arch.), a screen, between the choir and the body of the church, over which the rood was placed. Fairholt.Rood tower(Arch.), a tower at the intersection of the nave and transept of a church; — when crowned with a spire it was called also rood steeple. Weale.Rood tree, the cross. [Obs.] "Died upon the rood tree." Gower.

(Roo"de*bok) n. [D. rood red + bok buck.] (Zoöl.) The pallah.

(Rood"y) a. Rank in growth. [Prov. Eng.]

(Roof) n. [OE. rof, AS. hrf top, roof; akin to D. roef cabin, Icel. hrf a shed under which ships are built or kept; cf. OS. hrst roof, Goth. hrt. Cf. Roost.]

1. (Arch.) The cover of any building, including the roofing (see Roofing) and all the materials and construction necessary to carry and maintain the same upon the walls or other uprights. In the case of a building with vaulted ceilings protected by an outer roof, some writers call the vault the roof, and the outer protection the roof mask. It is better, however, to consider the vault as the ceiling only, in cases where it has farther covering.

2. That which resembles, or corresponds to, the covering or the ceiling of a house; as, the roof of a cavern; the roof of the mouth.

The flowery roof
Showered roses, which the morn repaired.

3. (Mining.) The surface or bed of rock immediately overlying a bed of coal or a flat vein.

Bell roof, French roof, etc. (Arch.) See under Bell, French, etc.Flat roof. (Arch.) (a) A roof actually horizontal and level, as in some Oriental buildings. (b) A roof nearly horizontal, constructed of such material as allows the water to run off freely from a very slight inclination.Roof plate. (Arch.) See Plate, n., 10.

(Ron"ion, Ron"yon) n. [F. rogne scab, mange.] A mangy or scabby creature.

"Aroint thee, with!" the rump-fed ronyon cries.

(Ron"ne) obs. imp. pl., and Ronnen
(Ron"nen) obs. p. p. of Renne, to run. Chaucer.

(Ront) n. [See Runt.] A runt. [Obs.] Spenser.

(Rood) n. [AS. rod a cross; akin to OS. roda, D. roede rod, G. ruthe, rute, OHG. ruota. Cf. Rod a measure.]

1. A representation in sculpture or in painting of the cross with Christ hanging on it.

Generally, the Trinity is represented, the Father as an elderly man fully clothed, with a nimbus around his head, and holding the cross on which the Son is represented as crucified, the Holy Spirit descending in the form of a dove near the Son's head. Figures of the Virgin Mary and of St. John are often placed near the principal figures.

Savior, in thine image seen
Bleeding on that precious rood.

2. A measure of five and a half yards in length; a rod; a perch; a pole. [Prov. Eng.]

3. The fourth part of an acre, or forty square rods.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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