Pullail to Pulverous
(Pul"lail) n. [F. poulaille.] Poultry. [Obs.] Rom. of R.
1. That which holds back, or causes to recede; a drawback; a hindrance.
2. (Arch) The iron hook fixed to a casement to pull it shut, or to hold it party open at a fixed point.
(Pulled) a. Plucked; pilled; moulting. " A pulled hen." Chaucer.
(Pul"len) n. [Cf. L. pullinus belonging to young animals. See Pullet.] Poultry. [Obs.]
(Pull"er) n. One who, or that which, pulls.
Proud setter up and puller down of kings.Shak.
Pullet sperm, the treadle of an egg. [Obs.] Shak.
(Pul"let) n. [OE. polete, OF. polete, F. poulette, dim. of poule a hen, fr. L. pullus a young
animal, a young fowl. See Foal, and cf. Poult, Poultry, Pool stake.] A young hen, or female of the
(Pul"ley) n.; pl. Pulleys [F. poulie, perhaps of Teutonic origin (cf. Poll, v. t.); but cf. OE. poleine,
polive, pulley, LL. polanus, and F. poulain, properly, a colt, fr. L. pullus young animal, foal For the
change of sense, cf. F. poutre beam, originally, a filly, and E. easel.] (Mach.) A wheel with a broad
rim, or grooved rim, for transmitting power from, or imparting power to, the different parts of machinery,
or for changing the direction of motion, by means of a belt, cord, rope, or chain.
The pulley, as one of the mechanical powers, consists, in its simplest form, of a grooved wheel, called
a sheave, turning within a movable frame or block, by means of a cord or rope attached at one end
to a fixed point. The force, acting on the free end of the rope, is thus doubled, but can move the load
through only half the space traversed by itself. The rope may also pass over a sheave in another block
that is fixed. The end of the rope may be fastened to the movable block, instead of a fixed point, with
an additional gain of power, and using either one or two sheaves in the fixed block. Other sheaves may
be added, and the power multiplied accordingly. Such an apparatus is called by workmen a block and
tackle, or a fall and tackle. See Block. A single fixed pulley gives no increase of power, but serves
simply for changing the direction of motion.
Band pulley, or Belt pulley, a pulley with a broad face for transmitting power between revolving shafts
by means of a belt, or for guiding a belt. Cone pulley. See Cone pulley. Conical pulley, one
of a pair of belt pulleys, each in the shape of a truncated cone, for varying velocities. Fast pulley,
a pulley firmly attached upon a shaft. Loose pulley, a pulley loose on a shaft, to interrupt the transmission
of motion in machinery. See Fast and loose pulleys, under Fast. Parting pulley, a belt pulley
made in semicircular halves, which can be bolted together, to facilitate application to, or removal from,
a shaft. Pulley block. Same as Block, n. 6. Pulley stile (Arch.), the upright of the window
frame into which a pulley is fixed and along which the sash slides. Split pulley, a parting pulley.
(Pul"ley), v. t. To raise or lift by means of a pulley. [R.] Howell.
(Pul"li*cate) n. A kind of checked cotton or silk handkerchief.
(Pull"man car`) [Named after Mr. Pullman, who introduced them.] A kind of sleeping car; also,
a palace car; often shortened to Pullman.
(Pul"lu*late) v. i. [L. pullulatus, p. p. of pullulare to sprout, from pullulus a young animal, a
sprout, dim. of pullus. See pullet.] To germinate; to bud; to multiply abundantly. Warburton.