2. A claim made, whether true or false; a right alleged or assumed; a holding out the appearance of possessing a certain character; as, pretensions to scholarship.

This was but an invention and pretension given out by the Spaniards.

Men indulge those opinions and practices that favor their pretensions.

(Pre*ten"ta*tive) a. [Pref. pre- + tentative: cf. L. praetentare to try beforehand.] Fitted for trial beforehand; experimental. [R.] Sir H. Wotton.

(Pre*ten"tious) a. [Cf. F. prétentieux. See Pretend.] Full of pretension; disposed to lay claim to more than is one's; presuming; assuming.Pre*ten"tious*ly, adv. - - Pre*ten"tious*ness, n.

(Pre"ter-) [L. praeter past, beyond, originally a compar. of prae before. See For, prep.] A prefix signifying past, by, beyond, more than; as, preter- mission, a permitting to go by; preternatural, beyond or more than is natural. [Written also præter.]

(Pre`ter*hu"man) a. [Pref. preter- + human.] More than human.

(Pre*te"ri*ent) a. [L. praeteriens, p. pr. See Preterit.] Passed through; antecedent; previous; as, preterient states. [R.]

(Pre`ter*im*per"fect) a. & n. [Pref. preter- + imperfect.] (Gram.) Old name of the tense also called imperfect.

(Pret"er*ist) n. [Pref. preter- + -ist.]

1. One whose chief interest is in the past; one who regards the past with most pleasure or favor.

2. (Theol.) One who believes the prophecies of the Apocalypse to have been already fulfilled. Farrar.

(Pret"er*it) a. [L. praeteritus, p. p. of praeterire to go or pass by; praeter beyond, by + ire to go: cf. F. prétérit. See Issue.] [Written also preterite and præterite.]

1. (Gram.) Past; — applied to a tense which expresses an action or state as past.

2. Belonging wholly to the past; passed by. [R.]

Things and persons as thoroughly preterite as Romulus or Numa.

(Pret"er*it), n. (Gram.) The preterit; also, a word in the preterit tense.

(Pret"er*ite) a. & n. Same as Preterit.

(Pret"er*ite*ness), n. Same as Preteritness.

(Pre`ter*i"tion) n. [L. praeteritio: cf. F. prétérition.]

1. The act of passing, or going past; the state of being past. Bp. Hall.

2. (Rhet.) A figure by which, in pretending to pass over anything, a summary mention of it is made; as, "I will not say, he is valiant, he is learned, he is just." Called also paraleipsis.

3. (Law) The omission by a testator of some one of his heirs who is entitled to a portion. Bouvier.

(Pre*ter"i*tive) a. (Gram.) Used only or chiefly in the preterit or past tenses, as certain verbs.

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