1. Excessively sparing in the use of money; sordid; stingy; miserly. "A penurious niggard of his wealth." Milton.

2. Not bountiful or liberal; scanty.

Here creeps along a poor, penurious stream.
C. Pitt.

3. Destitute of money; suffering extreme want. [Obs.] "My penurious band." Shak.

Syn. — Avaricious; covetous; parsimonious; miserly; niggardly; stingy. See Avaricious.

Pe*nu"ri*ous*ly, adv.Pe*nu"ri*ous*ness, n.

(Pen"u*ry) n. [L. penuria; cf. Gr. hunger, poverty, need, one who works for his daily bread, a poor man, to work for one's daily bread, to be poor: cf. F. pénurie.]

1. Absence of resources; want; privation; indigence; extreme poverty; destitution. "A penury of military forces." Bacon.

They were exposed to hardship and penury.

It arises in neither from penury of thought.

2. Penuriousness; miserliness. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

(Pen"wip`er) n. A cloth, or other material, for wiping off or cleaning ink from a pen.

(Pen"wom`an) n.; pl. Penwomen A female writer; an authoress. Johnson.

(Pe"on) n. See Poon.

(Pe"on), n. [Sp. peon, or Pg. peo, one who travels on foot, a foot soldier, a pawn in chess. See Pawn in chess.]

1. A foot soldier; a policeman; also, an office attendant; a messenger. [India]

2. A day laborer; a servant; especially, in some of the Spanish American countries, debtor held by his creditor in a form of qualified servitude, to work out a debt.

3. (Chess) See 2d Pawn.

(Pe"on*age) n. The condition of a peon.

(Pe"on*ism) n. Same as Peonage. D. Webster.

(Pe"o*ny) n.; pl. Peonies [OE. pione, pioine, pioni, OF. pione, F. pivoine, L. paeonia, Gr. fr. the god of healing. Cf. Pæan.] (Bot.) A plant, and its flower, of the ranunculaceous genus Pæonia. Of the four or five species, one is a shrub; the rest are perennial herbs with showy flowers, often double in cultivation. [Written also pæony, and piony.]

(Peo"ple) n. [OE. peple, people, OF. pueple, F. peuple, fr. L. populus. Cf. Populage, Public, Pueblo.]

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