(Pa*troc"i*ny) n. [L. patrocinium.] [Obs.] See Patrocination.
(Pa*trol") v. i. [imp. & p. p. Patrolled ; p. pr. & vb. n. Patrolling.] [F. patrouiller, O. & Prov.
F. patrouiller to paddle, paw about, patrol, fr. patte a paw; cf. D. poot paw, G. pfote, and E. pat, v.]
To go the rounds along a chain of sentinels; to traverse a police district or beat.
(Pa*trol") v.t To go the rounds of, as a sentry, guard, or policeman; as, to patrol a frontier; to patrol
(Pa*trol"), n. [F. patrouille, OF. patouille. See Patrol, v. i.]
1. (Mil.) (a) A going of the rounds along the chain of sentinels and between the posts, by a guard,
usually consisting of three or four men, to insure greater security from attacks on the outposts. (b)
A movement, by a small body of troops beyond the line of outposts, to explore the country and gain
intelligence of the enemy's whereabouts. (c) The guard or men who go the rounds for observation; a
detachment whose duty it is to patrol.
2. Any perambulation of a particular line or district to guard it; also, the men thus guarding; as, a customs
patrol; a fire patrol.
In France there is an army of patrols to secure her fiscal regulations.A. Hamilton.
(Pa*trole") n. & v. See Patrol, n. & v.
(Pa*trol"man) n.; pl. Patrolmen One who patrols; a watchman; especially, a policeman who
patrols a particular precinct of a town or city.
(Pa"tron) n. [F., fr. L. patronus, fr. pater a father. See Paternal, and cf. Patroon, Padrone,
1. One who protects, supports, or countenances; a defender. "Patron of my life and liberty." Shak. "The
patron of true holiness." Spenser.
2. (Rom. Antiq.) (a) A master who had freed his slave, but still retained some paternal rights over
him. (b) A man of distinction under whose protection another person placed himself. (c) An advocate
Let him who works the client wrongMacaulay.
Beware the patron's ire.
3. One who encourages or helps a person, a cause, or a work; a furtherer; a promoter; as, a patron of
4. (Eccl. Law) One who has gift and disposition of a benefice. [Eng.]
5. A guardian saint. called also patron saint.
6. (Naut.) See Padrone, 2.
Patrons of Husbandry, the grangers. See Granger, 2.
(Pa"tron), v. t. To be a patron of; to patronize; to favor. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
Patron saint (R. C. Ch.), a saint regarded as the peculiar protector of a country, community, church,
profession, etc., or of an individual.
(Pa"tron), a. Doing the duty of a patron; giving aid or protection; tutelary. Dryden.