5. (Metaph.) The negation of freedom in voluntary action; the subjection of all phenomena, whether
material or spiritual, to inevitable causation; necessitarianism.
Of necessity, by necessary consequence; by compulsion, or irresistible power; perforce.
Syn. See Need.
(Neck) n. [OE. necke, AS. hnecca; akin to D. nek the nape of the neck, G. nacken, OHG. nacch,
hnacch, Icel. hnakki, Sw. nacke, Dan. nakke.]
1. The part of an animal which connects the head and the trunk, and which, in man and many other
animals, is more slender than the trunk.
2. Any part of an inanimate object corresponding to or resembling the neck of an animal; as: (a) The
long slender part of a vessel, as a retort, or of a fruit, as a gourd. (b) A long narrow tract of land projecting
from the main body, or a narrow tract connecting two larger tracts. (c) (Mus.) That part of a violin,
guitar, or similar instrument, which extends from the head to the body, and on which is the finger board
or fret board.
3. (Mech.) A reduction in size near the end of an object, formed by a groove around it; as, a neck
forming the journal of a shaft.
4. (Bot.) the point where the base of the stem of a plant arises from the root.
Neck and crop, completely; wholly; altogether; roughly and at once. [Colloq.] Neck and neck (Racing),
so nearly equal that one cannot be said to be before the other; very close; even; side by side.
Neck of a capital. (Arch.) See Gorgerin. Neck of a cascabel (Gun.), the part joining the knob
to the base of the breech. Neck of a gun, the small part of the piece between the chase and the
swell of the muzzle. Neck of a tooth (Anat.), the constriction between the root and the crown.
Neck or nothing at all risks. Neck verse. (a) The verse formerly read to entitle a party to the
benefit of clergy, said to be the first verse of the fifty-first Psalm, "Miserere mei," etc. Sir W. Scott. (b)
Hence, a verse or saying, the utterance of which decides one's fate; a shibboleth.
These words, "bread and cheese," were their neck verse or shibboleth to distinguish them; all pronouncing
"broad and cause," being presently put to death.Fuller.
Neck yoke. (a) A bar by which the end of the tongue of a wagon or carriage is suspended from
the collars of the harnesses. (b) A device with projecting arms for carrying things (as buckets of water
or sap) suspended from one's shoulders. On the neck of, immediately after; following closely. "Commiting
one sin on the neck of another." W. Perkins. Stiff neck, obstinacy in evil or wrong; inflexible
obstinacy; contumacy. "I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck." Deut. xxxi. 27. To break the neck
of, to destroy the main force of. "What they presume to borrow from her sage and virtuous rules . . .
breaks the neck of their own cause." Milton. To harden the neck, to grow obstinate; to be more and
more perverse and rebellious. Neh. ix. 17. To tread on the neck of, to oppress; to tyrannize over.
(Neck), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Necked ; p. pr. & vb. n. Necking.] (Mech.) To reduce the diameter
of (an object) near its end, by making a groove around it; used with down; as, to neck down a shaft.
(Neck"ar nut`) (Bot.) See Nicker nut.
(Neck"band`) n. A band which goes around the neck; often, the part at the top of a garment.
(Neck"cloth`) n. A piece of any fabric worn around the neck.
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