Law of multiple proportion(Chem.), the generalization that when the same elements unite in more than one proportion, forming two or more different compounds, the higher proportions of the elements in such compounds are simple multiples of the lowest proportion, or the proportions are connected by some simple common factor; thus, iron and oxygen unite in the proportions FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4, in which compounds, considering the oxygen, 3 and 4 are simple multiplies of 1. Called also the Law of Dalton, from its discoverer.Multiple algebra, a branch of advanced mathematics that treats of operations upon units compounded of two or more unlike units.Multiple conjugation(Biol.), a coalescence of many cells (as where an indefinite number of amœboid cells flow together into a single mass) from which conjugation proper and even fertilization may have been evolved.Multiple fruits. (Bot.) See Collective fruit, under Collective.Multiple star(Astron.), several stars in close proximity, which appear to form a single system.

(Mul"ti*ple), n. (Math.) A quantity containing another quantity a number of times without a remainder.


common multipleof two or more numbers contains each of them a number of times exactly; thus, 24 is a common multiple of 3 and 4. The least common multipleis the least number that will do this; thus, 12 is the least common multiple of 3 and 4.

(Mul"ti*plex) a. [L. multiplex, -plicis. See Multiply.] Manifold; multiple.

(Mul"ti*pli`a*ble) a. [Cf. F. multipliable.] Capable of being multiplied.Mul"ti*pli`a*ble*ness, n.

(Mul"ti*pli*ca*ble) a. [L. multiplicabilis.] Capable of being multiplied; multipliable.

(Mul"ti*pli*cand`) n. [L. multiplicandus to be multiplied: cf. F. multiplicande.] (Math.) The number which is to be multiplied by another number called the multiplier. See Note under Multiplication.

(Mul"ti*pli*cate) a. [L. multiplicatus, p. p. of multiplicare. See Multiply.] Consisting of many, or of more than one; multiple; multifold.

Multiplicate flower(Bot.), a flower that is double, or has an unusual number of petals in consequence of the abnormal multiplication of the parts of the floral whorls.

(Mul`ti*pli*ca"tion) n. [L. multiplicatio: cf. F. multiplication. See Multiply.]

1. The act or process of multiplying, or of increasing in number; the state of being multiplied; as, the multiplication of the human species by natural generation.

The increase and multiplication of the world.

(Mul*tip"ar*tite) a. [L. multipartitus multus much, many partitus divided, p. p.: cf. F. multipartite. See Partite.] Divided into many parts; having several parts.

(Mul"ti*ped) n. [L. multipes, multipeda; multus much, many + pes, pedis, foot: cf. F. multipède.] (Zoöl.) An insect having many feet, as a myriapod.

(Mul"ti*ped), a. Having many feet.

(Mul"ti*ple) a. [Cf. F. multiple, and E. quadruple, and multiply.] Containing more than once, or more than one; consisting of more than one; manifold; repeated many times; having several, or many, parts.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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