**Mathematic**

(Math`e*mat"ic) *a.* [F. *mathématique*, L. *mathematicus*, Gr. disposed to learn, belonging to
learning or the sciences, especially to mathematics, fr. that which is learned, learning, pl. things learned,
learning, science, especially mathematical science, fr. to learn; akin to E. *mind*. See Mind.] See Mathematical.

**Mathematical**

(Math`e*mat"ic*al) *a.* [See Mathematic.] Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to
mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate; as, *mathematical* geography; *mathematical* instruments; *
mathematical* exactness. — Math`e*mat"ic*al*ly, *adv.*

**Mathematician**

(Math`e*ma*ti"cian) *n.* [Cf. F. *mathématicien*.] One versed in mathematics.

**Mathematics**

(Math`e*mat"ics) *n.* [F. *mathématiques*, pl., L. *mathematica*, sing., Gr. (sc. ) science. See
Mathematic, and -ics.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing
between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations,
quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative
relations.

*Mathematics* embraces three departments, namely:

**1.** *Arithmetic*. **2.** *Geometry*, including *Trigonometry* and *Conic Sections*. **3.** *Analysis*, in which
letters are used, including *Algebra*, *Analytical Geometry*, and *Calculus*. Each of these divisions is
divided into *pure* or *abstract*, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and *
mixed* or *applied*, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven
with physical considerations.

**Mather**

(Math"er) *n.* See Madder.

**Mathes**

(Math"es) *n.* [Perh. corrupted fr. L. *anthemis* camomile, Gr. .] *(Bot.)* The mayweed. Cf. Maghet.

**Mathesis**

(||Ma*the"sis) *n.* [L., fr. Gr. from to learn.] Learning; especially, mathematics. [R.] *Pope.*

**Mathurin**

(Math"u*rin) *n.* *(R. C. Ch.)* See Trinitarian.

**Matico**

(Ma*ti"co) *n.* *(Bot.)* A Peruvian plant allied to the pepper, the leaves of which are used as a
styptic and astringent.

**Matie**

(Mat"ie) *n.* *(Zoöl.)* A fat herring with undeveloped roe. [Written also *matty*.] [Eng. & Scot.]

**Mâtin**

(||Mâ`tin") *n.* [F. *mâtin*.] *(Zoöl.)* A French mastiff.

**Matin**

(Mat"in) *n.* [F. fr. L. *matutinum* the morning, *matutinus* of the morning, *Matuta* the goddess of
the morning. See Matutinal.]

**1.** Morning. [Obs.] *Shak.*

**2.** *pl.* [F. *matines*. See Etymol. above.] Morning worship or service; morning prayers or songs.

The winged choristers began

To chirp their *matins*.

*Cleveland.* **3.** Time of morning service; the first canonical hour in the Roman Catholic Church.

**Matin**

(Mat"in), *a.* Of or pertaining to the morning, or to matins; used in the morning; matutinal.