(Math`e*mat"ic) a. [F. mathématique, L. mathematicus, Gr. disposed to learn, belonging to learning or the sciences, especially to mathematics, fr. that which is learned, learning, pl. things learned, learning, science, especially mathematical science, fr. to learn; akin to E. mind. See Mind.] See Mathematical.

(Math`e*mat"ic*al) a. [See Mathematic.] Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate; as, mathematical geography; mathematical instruments; mathematical exactness.Math`e*mat"ic*al*ly, adv.

(Math`e*ma*ti"cian) n. [Cf. F. mathématicien.] One versed in mathematics.

(Math`e*mat"ics) n. [F. mathématiques, pl., L. mathematica, sing., Gr. (sc. ) science. See Mathematic, and -ics.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations.

Mathematics embraces three departments, namely:

1. Arithmetic. 2. Geometry, including Trigonometry and Conic Sections. 3. Analysis, in which letters are used, including Algebra, Analytical Geometry, and Calculus. Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations.

(Math"er) n. See Madder.

(Math"es) n. [Perh. corrupted fr. L. anthemis camomile, Gr. .] (Bot.) The mayweed. Cf. Maghet.

(||Ma*the"sis) n. [L., fr. Gr. from to learn.] Learning; especially, mathematics. [R.] Pope.

(Math"u*rin) n. (R. C. Ch.) See Trinitarian.

(Ma*ti"co) n. (Bot.) A Peruvian plant allied to the pepper, the leaves of which are used as a styptic and astringent.

(Mat"ie) n. (Zoöl.) A fat herring with undeveloped roe. [Written also matty.] [Eng. & Scot.]

(||Mâ`tin") n. [F. mâtin.] (Zoöl.) A French mastiff.

(Mat"in) n. [F. fr. L. matutinum the morning, matutinus of the morning, Matuta the goddess of the morning. See Matutinal.]

1. Morning. [Obs.] Shak.

2. pl. [F. matines. See Etymol. above.] Morning worship or service; morning prayers or songs.

The winged choristers began
To chirp their matins.

3. Time of morning service; the first canonical hour in the Roman Catholic Church.

(Mat"in), a. Of or pertaining to the morning, or to matins; used in the morning; matutinal.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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