(Ma*le"yl) n. [Maleic + - yl.] (Chem.) A hypothetical radical derived from maleic acid.
(Mal*fea"sance) n. [F. malfaisance, fr. malfaisant injurious, doing ill; mal ill, evil + faisant
doing, p. pr. of faire to do. See Malice, Feasible, and cf. Maleficence.] (Law) The doing of an act
which a person ought not to do; evil conduct; an illegal deed. [Written also malefeasance.]
(Mal`for*ma"tion) n. [Mal- + formation.] Ill formation; irregular or anomalous formation; abnormal
or wrong conformation or structure.
(Mal*gra"cious) a. [F. malgracieux.] Not graceful; displeasing. [Obs.] Gower.
(Mal"gre) prep. See Mauger.
Malic acid, a hydroxy acid obtained as a substance which is sirupy or crystallized with difficulty, and
has a strong but pleasant sour taste. It occurs in many fruits, as in green apples, currants, etc. It is
levorotatory or dextrorotatory according to the temperature and concentration. An artificial variety is a
derivative of succinic acid, but has no action on polarized light, and thus malic acid is a remarkable case
of physical isomerism.
(Ma"lic) a. [L. malum an apple: cf. F. malique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, apples; as,
(Mal"ice) n. [F. malice, fr. L. malitia, from malus bad, ill, evil, prob. orig., dirty, black; cf. Gr.
me`las black, Skr. mala dirt. Cf. Mauger.]
1. Enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; a spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another; a disposition to
injure another; a malignant design of evil. "Nor set down aught in malice." Shak.
Envy, hatred, and malice are three distinct passions of the mind.Ld. Holt.
2. (Law) Any wicked or mischievous intention of the mind; a depraved inclination to mischief; an intention
to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or to do a wrongful act without just cause or cause or excuse; a
wanton disregard of the rights or safety of others; willfulness.
Malice aforethought or prepense, malice previously and deliberately entertained.
Syn. Spite; ill will; malevolence; grudge; pique; bitterness; animosity; malignity; maliciousness; rancor; virulence.
See Spite. Malevolence, Malignity, Malignancy. Malice is a stronger word than malevolence,
which may imply only a desire that evil may befall another, while malice desires, and perhaps intends,
to bring it about. Malignity is intense and deepseated malice. It implies a natural delight in hating and
wronging others. One who is malignant must be both malevolent and malicious; but a man may be
malicious without being malignant.
Proud tyrants who maliciously destroySomerville.
And ride o'er ruins with malignant joy.
in some connections, malignity seems rather more pertinently applied to a radical depravity of nature,
and malignancy to indications of this depravity, in temper and conduct in particular instances.Cogan.
(Mal"ice), v. t. To regard with extreme ill will. [Obs.]
(Mal"i*cho) n. [Sp. malhecho; mal bad + hecho deed, L. factum. See Fact.] Mischief.
(Ma*li"cious) a. [Of. malicius, F. malicieux, fr. L. malitiosus. See Malice.]
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