(Lix*iv"i*ate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lixiviated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Lixiviating ] To subject to a
washing process for the purpose of separating soluble material from that which is insoluble; to leach, as
ashes, for the purpose of extracting the alkaline substances.
(Lix*iv`i*a"tion) n. [Cf. F. lixiviation.] Lixiviating; the process of separating a soluble substance
from one that is insoluble, by washing with some solvent, as water; leaching.
(Lix*iv"i*ous) a. See Lixivial.
(Lix*iv"i*um) n. [L. lixivium, lixivia. See Lixivial.] A solution of alkaline salts extracted from
wood ashes; hence, any solution obtained by lixiviation.
(Lixt) obs. 2d pers. sing. pres. of Lige, to lie, to tell lies, contracted for ligest. Chaucer.
(||Li"za) n. (Zoöl.) The American white mullet
(Liz"ard) n. [OE. lesarde, OF. lesarde, F. lézard, L. lacerta, lacertus. Cf. Alligator, Lacerta.]
1. (Zoöl.) Any one of the numerous species of reptiles belonging to the order Lacertilia; sometimes, also
applied to reptiles of other orders, as the Hatteria.
Most lizards have an elongated body, with four legs, and a long tail; but there are some without legs,
and some with a short, thick tail. Most have scales, but some are naked; most have eyelids, but some
do not. The tongue is varied in form and structure. In some it is forked, in others, as the chameleons,
club-shaped, and very extensible. See Amphisbæna, Chameleon, Gecko, Gila monster, Horned toad,
Iguana, and Dragon, 6.
2. (Naut.) A piece of rope with thimble or block spliced into one or both of the ends. R. H. Dana, Ir.
3. A piece of timber with a forked end, used in dragging a heavy stone, a log, or the like, from a field.
Lizard fish (Zoöl.), a marine scopeloid fish of the genus Synodus, or Saurus, esp. S. ftens of the
Southern United States and West Indies; called also sand pike. Lizard snake (Zoöl.), the garter
snake Lizard stone (Min.), a kind of serpentine from near Lizard Point, Cornwall, England,
used for ornamental purposes.
(Liz"ard's tail`) (Bot.) A perennial plant of the genus Saururus growing in marshes, and
having white flowers crowded in a slender terminal spike, somewhat resembling in form a lizard's tail; whence
the name. Gray.
(Lla"ma), n. [Peruv.] (Zoöl.) A South American ruminant allied to the camels, but much smaller
and without a hump. It is supposed to be a domesticated variety of the guanaco. It was formerly much
used as a beast of burden in the Andes.
(Llan*dei"lo group`). (Geol.) A series of strata in the lower Silurian formations of Great
Britain; so named from Llandeilo in Southern Wales. See Chart of Geology.
(||Lla*ne"ro) n. [Sp. Amer.] One of the inhabitants of the llanos of South America.
(Lla"no) n.; pl. Llanos [Sp., plain even, level. See Plain.] An extensive plain with or without
vegetation. [Spanish America]