Litmus paper(Chem.), unsized paper saturated with blue or red litmus, — used in testing for acids or alkalies.

(||Li"to*tes) n. [NL., fr. Gr. lito`ths, from lito`s plain, simple.] (Rhet.) A diminution or softening of statement for the sake of avoiding censure or increasing the effect by contrast with the moderation shown in the form of expression; as, " a citizen of no mean city," that is, of an illustrious city.

(Li*tran"e*ter) n. [Gr. li`tra + -meter. See Liter] An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity of liquids.

(Li"tre) n. [F.] Same as Liter.

(Lit"ter) n. [F. litière, LL. lectaria, fr. L. lectus couch, bed. See Lie to be prostrated, and cf. Coverlet.]

1. A bed or stretcher so arranged that a person, esp. a sick or wounded person, may be easily carried in or upon it.

There is a litter ready; lay him in 't.

(Lit"i*gate), v. i. To carry on a suit by judicial process.

(Lit`i*ga"tion) n. [L. litigatio, fr. litigare to dispute, litigate; lis, litis, dispute, lawsuit (OL. stlis) + agere to carry on. See Agent.] The act or process of litigating; a suit at law; a judicial contest.

(Lit"i*ga`tor) n. [L.] One who litigates.

(Li*ti"gious) a. [L. litigiosus, fr. litigium dispute, quarrel, fr. litigare: cf. F. litigieux. See Litigation.]

1. Inclined to judicial contest; given to the practice of contending in law; quarrelsome; contentious; fond of litigation. " A pettifogging attorney or a litigious client." Macaulay.

Soldiers find wars, and lawyers find out still
Litigious men, who quarrels move.

2. Subject to contention; disputable; controvertible; debatable; doubtful; precarious. Shak.

No fences, parted fields, nor marks, nor bounds,
Distinguished acres of litigious grounds.

3. Of or pertaining to legal disputes.

Nor brothers cite to the litigious bar.

(Li*ti"gious*ly), adv. In a litigious manner.

(Li*ti"gious*ness), n. The state of being litigious; disposition to engage in or carry on lawsuits.

(Lit"mus) n. [D. lakmoes; lak lacker + moes a thick preparation of fruit, pap, prob. akin to E. meat: cf. G. lackmus. See Lac a resinous substance.] (Chem.) A dyestuff extracted from certain lichens (Roccella tinctoria, Lecanora tartarea, etc.), as a blue amorphous mass which consists of a compound of the alkaline carbonates with certain coloring matters related to orcin and orcein.

Litmus is used as a dye, and being turned red by acids and restored to its blue color by alkalies, is a common indicator or test for acidity and alkalinity.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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