Lithiophilite to Litter

(Lith`i*oph"i*lite) n. [Lithium + Gr. fi`los friend.] (Min.) A phosphate of manganese and lithium; a variety of triphylite.

(Lith"i*um) n. [NL., from Gr. li`qeios of stone, fr. li`qos stone.] (Chem.) A metallic element of the alkaline group, occurring in several minerals, as petalite, spodumene, lepidolite, triphylite, etc., and otherwise widely disseminated, though in small quantities.

When isolated it is a soft, silver white metal, tarnishing and oxidizing very rapidly in the air. It is the lightest solid element known, specific gravity being 0.59. Symbol Li. Atomic weight 7.0 So called from having been discovered in a mineral.

(Lith"o) (lith"o) A combining form from Gr. li`qos, stone.

(Lith`o*bil"ic) a. [Litho + bile.] (Chem.) Pertaining to or designating an organic acid of the tartaric acid series, distinct from lithofellic acid, but, like it, obtained from certain bile products, as bezoar stones.

(Lith"o*carp) n. [Litho- + Gr. karpo`s fruit: cf. F. lithocarpe.] (Paleon.) Fossil fruit; a fruit petrified; a carpolite.

(Lith`o*chro*mat"ics) n. See Lithochromics.

(Lith`o*chro"mics) n. [Litho- + Gr. chrw^ma color.] The art of printing colored pictures on canvas from oil paintings on stone.

(Lith"o*clast) n. [Litho- + Gr. kla^n to break.] (Surg.) An instrument for crushing stones in the bladder.

(Lith"o*cyst) n. [Litho- + cyst.] (Zoöl.) A sac containing small, calcareous concretions They are found in many Medusæ, and other invertebrates, and are supposed to be auditory organs.

(Lith"o*dome) n. [Litho- + Gr. do`mos house: cf. F. lithodome.] (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of bivalves, which form holes in limestone, in which they live; esp., any species of the genus Lithodomus.

(Li*thod"o*mous) a. (Zoöl.) Like, or pertaining to, Lithodomus; lithophagous.

(||Li*thod"o*mus) n. [NL. See Lithodome.] (Zoöl.) A genus of elongated bivalve shells, allied to the mussels, and remarkable for their ability to bore holes for shelter, in solid limestone, shells, etc. Called also Lithophagus.

These holes are at first very small and shallow, but are enlarged with the growth of the shell, sometimes becoming two or three inches deep and nearly an inch diameter.

(Lith"o*fel"lic) a. [Litho- + L. fel, fellis, gall.] (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a crystalline, organic acid, resembling cholic acid, found in the biliary intestinal concretions (bezoar stones) common in certain species of antelope.

(||Lith`o*frac"teur) n. [F., fr. li`qos stone + L. frangere, fractum, to break.] An explosive compound of nitroglycerin. See Nitroglycerin.

(Lith`o*gen"e*sy) n. [Litho- Gr. ge`nesis origin, generation: cf. F. lithogénésie. See Genesis.] The doctrine or science of the origin of the minerals composing the globe.

(Li*thog"e*nous) a. [Litho- + -genous.] Stone- producing; — said of polyps which form coral.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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