(||Lit`e*ra"tim) adv. [LL., fr. L. littera, litera, letter.] Letter for letter.

(Lit`er*a"tion) n. [L. littera, litera, letter.] The act or process of representing by letters.

(Lit"er*a`tor) n. [L. litterator, literator. See Letter.]

1. One who teaches the letters or elements of knowledge; a petty schoolmaster. Burke.

2. A person devoted to the study of literary trifles, esp. trifles belonging to the literature of a former age.

That class of subjects which are interesting to the regular literator or black-letter " bibliomane," simply because they have once been interesting.
De Quincey.

3. A learned person; a literatus. Sir W. Hamilton.

(Lit"er*a*ture) n. [F. littérature, L. litteratura, literatura, learning, grammar, writing, fr. littera, litera, letter. See Letter.]

1. Learning; acquaintance with letters or books.

2. The collective body of literary productions, embracing the entire results of knowledge and fancy preserved in writing; also, the whole body of literary productions or writings upon a given subject, or in reference to a particular science or branch of knowledge, or of a given country or period; as, the literature of Biblical criticism; the literature of chemistry.

3. The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.

4. The occupation, profession, or business of doing literary work. Lamb.

Syn. — Science; learning; erudition; belles-lettres. See Science. — Literature, Learning, Erudition. Literature, in its widest sense, embraces all compositions in writing or print which preserve the results of observation, thought, or fancy; but those upon the positive sciences (mathematics, etc.) are usually excluded. It is often confined, however, to belles-lettres, or works of taste and sentiment, as poetry, eloquence, history, etc., excluding abstract discussions and mere erudition. A man of literature (in this narrowest sense) is one who is versed in belles-lettres; a man of learning excels in what is taught in the schools, and has a wide extent of knowledge, especially in respect to the past; a man of erudition is one who is skilled in the more recondite branches of learned inquiry.

The origin of all positive science and philosophy, as well as of all literature and art, in the forms in which they exist in civilized Europe, must be traced to the Greeks.
Sir G. C. Lewis.

Learning thy talent is, but mine is sense.

Some gentlemen, abounding in their university erudition, fill their sermons with philosophical terms.

(||Lit`e*ra"tus) n.; pl. Literati (- ti). [L. litteratus, literatus.] A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; — chiefly used in the plural.

Now we are to consider that our bright ideal of a literatus may chance to be maimed.
De Quincey.

- lith
(-lith -lite) Combining forms fr. Gr. li`qos, a stone; — used chiefly in naming minerals and rocks.

(Lith) obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Lie, to recline, for lieth. Chaucer.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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