Bed of justice. See under Bed. - - Chief justice. See in the Vocabulary.Justice of the peace (Law), a judicial officer or subordinate magistrate appointed for the conservation of the peace in a specified district, with other incidental powers specified in his commission. In the United States a justice of the peace has jurisdiction to adjudicate certain minor cases, commit offenders, etc.

Syn. — Equity; law; right; rectitude; honesty; integrity; uprightness; fairness; impartiality. — Justice, Equity, Law. Justice and equity are the same; but human laws, though designed to secure justice, are of necessity imperfect, and hence what is strictly legal is at times far from being equitable or just. Here a court of equity comes in to redress the grievances. It does so, as distinguished from courts of law; and as the latter are often styled courts of justice, some have fancied that there is in this case a conflict between justice and equity. The real conflict is against the working of the law; this a court of equity brings into accordance with the claims of justice. It would be an unfortunate use of language which should lead any one to imagine he might have justice on his side while practicing iniquity

Justice, Rectitude. Rectitude, in its widest sense, is one of the most comprehensive words in our language, denoting absolute conformity to the rule of right in principle and practice. Justice refers more especially to the carrying out of law, and has been considered by moralists as of three kinds: (1) Commutative justice, which gives every man his own property, including things pledged by promise. (2) Distributive justice, which gives every man his exact deserts. (3) General justice, which carries out all the ends of law, though not in every case through the precise channels of commutative or distributive justice; as we see often done by a parent or a ruler in his dealings with those who are subject to his control.

(Jus"tice) v. t. To administer justice to. [Obs.] Bacon.

(Jus"tice*a*ble) a. Liable to trial in a court of justice. [Obs.] Hayward.

(Jus"tice*hood) n. Justiceship. B. Jonson.

(Jus"tice*ment) n. Administration of justice; procedure in courts of justice. [Obs.] Johnson.

(Jus"ti*cer) n. One who administers justice; a judge. [Obs.] "Some upright justicer." Shak.

(Jus"tice*ship) n. The office or dignity of a justice. Holland.

(Jus*ti"ci*a*ble) a. [Cf. LL. justitiabilis, F. justiciable.] Proper to be examined in a court of justice. Bailey.

(Jus*ti"ci*ar) n. Same as Justiciary.

(Jus*ti"ci*a*ry) n. [Cf. LL. justitiarius, F. justicier. See Justice.] (Old Eng. Law) An old name for the judges of the higher English courts.

The chief justiciary, or justiciar, in early English history, was not only the chief justice of the kingdom, but also ex officio regent in the king's absence.

Court of justiciary(Scots Law), the supreme criminal court, having jurisdiction over the whole of Scotland.

(Jus"ti*co Jus"ti*coat`) , n. [F. justaucorps, lit., close to the body.] Formerly, a close coat or waistcoat with sleeves.

5. A person duly commissioned to hold courts, or to try and decide controversies and administer justice.

This title is given to the judges of the common law courts in England and in the United States, and extends to judicial officers and magistrates of every grade.

  By PanEris using Melati.

Previous chapter/page Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission. See our FAQ for more details.