1. A younger person.
His junior she, by thirty years.Byron.
2. Hence: One of a lower or later standing; specifically, in American colleges, one in the third year of his
course, one in the fourth or final year being designated a senior; in some seminaries, one in the first
year, in others, one in the second year, of a three years' course.
(Jun*ior"i*ty) n. The state or quality of being junior.
(Ju"ni*per) n. [L. juniperus, prop., youth-producing, and so called from its evergreen appearance,
from the roots of E. juvenile, and parent. Cf. Gin the liquor.] (Bot.) Any evergreen shrub or tree, of
the genus Juniperus and order Coniferæ.
The common juniper (J. communis) is a shrub of a low, spreading form, having awl-shaped, rigid leaves
in whorls of threes, and bearing small purplish blue berries of a warm, pungent taste, used as diuretic
and in flavoring gin. A resin exudes from the bark, which has erroneously been considered identical
with sandarach, and is used as pounce. The oil of juniper is acrid, and used for various purposes, as in
medicine, for making varnish, etc. The wood of several species is of a reddish color, hard and durable,
and is used in cabinetwork under the names of red cedar, Bermuda cedar, etc.
Juniper worm (Zoöl.), the larva of a geometrid moth It feeds upon the leaves of the juniper, and mimics
the small twigs both in form and color, in a remarkable manner.
(Ju"ni*per*in) n. (Chem.) A yellow amorphous substance extracted from juniper berries.
(Ju"ni*per*ite) n. (Paleon.) One of the fossil Coniferæ, evidently allied to the juniper.
(Junk) n. A fragment of any solid substance; a thick piece. See Chunk. [Colloq.] Lowell.
(Junk), n. [Pg. junco junk, rush, L. juncus a bulrush, of which ropes were made in early ages.
1. Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making gaskets, mats, swabs, etc., and when picked to
pieces, forming oakum for filling the seams of ships.
2. Old iron, or other metal, glass, paper, etc., bought and sold by junk dealers.
3. (Naut.) Hard salted beef supplied to ships.
Junk bottle , a stout bottle made of thick dark-colored glass. Junk dealer, a dealer in old cordage,
old metal, glass, etc. Junk hook (Whaling), a hook for hauling heavy pieces of blubber on deck.
Junk ring. (a) A packing of soft material round the piston of a steam engine. (b) A metallic ring
for retaining a piston packing in place; (c) A follower. Junk shop, a shop where old cordage, and
ship's tackle, old iron, old bottles, old paper, etc., are kept for sale. Junk vat (Leather Manuf.), a
large vat into which spent tan liquor or ooze is pumped. Junk wad (Mil.), a wad used in proving
cannon; also used in firing hot shot.
(Junk), n. [Pg. junco; cf. Jav. & Malay jong, ajong, Chin. chwan.] (Naut.) A large vessel,
without keel or prominent stem, and with huge masts in one piece, used by the Chinese, Japanese,
Siamese, Malays, etc., in navigating their waters.
(||Jun"ker) n. [G. Cf. Yonker.] A young German noble or squire; esp., a member of the aristocratic
party in Prussia.
(Jun"ker*ism) n. The principles of the aristocratic party in Prussia.