(Ja*co"be*an Ja*co"bi*an) a. [From L. Jacobus James. See 2d Jack.] Of or pertaining to a style of architecture and decoration in the time of James the First, of England. "A Jacobean table." C. L. Eastlake.

(Jac"o*bin) n. [F. See 2d Jack, Jacobite.]

1. (Eccl. Hist.) A Dominican friar; — so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris.

2. One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the revolution of 1789, who held secret meetings in the Jacobin convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris, and concerted measures to control the proceedings of the National Assembly. Hence: A plotter against an existing government; a turbulent demagogue.

3. (Zoöl.) A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, — whence the name. The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.

(Jac"o*bin), a. Same as Jacobinic.

(Jac"o*bine) n. A Jacobin.

(Jac`o*bin"ic Jac`o*bin"ic*al) a. Of or pertaining to the Jacobins of France; revolutionary; of the nature of, or characterized by, Jacobinism. Burke.Jac`o*bin"ic*al*ly, adv.

(Jac"o*bin*ism) n. [Cf. F. Jacobinisme.] The principles of the Jacobins; violent and factious opposition to legitimate government.

Under this new stimulus, Burn's previous Jacobitism passed towards the opposite, but not very distant, extreme of Jacobinism.
J. C. Shairp.

(Jac"o*bin*ize`) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Jacobinized ; p. pr. & vb. n. Jacobinizing ] [Cf. F. Jacobiniser.] To taint with, or convert to, Jacobinism.

France was not then jacobinized.

(Jac"o*bite) n. [L. Jacobus James: cf. F. Jacobite. See 2d Jack.]

1. (Eng. Hist.) A partisan or adherent of James the Second, after his abdication, or of his descendants, an opposer of the revolution in 1688 in favor of William and Mary. Macaulay.

2. (Eccl.) One of the sect of Syrian Monophysites. The sect is named after Jacob Baradæus, its leader in the sixth century.

(Jac"o*bite), a. Of or pertaining to the Jacobites.

(Jac`o*bit"ic Jac`o*bit"ic*al) a. Of or pertaining to the Jacobites; characterized by Jacobitism.Jac`o*bit"ic*al*ly, adv.

(Jac"o*bit*ism`) n. The principles of the Jacobites. Mason.

(Ja*co"bus) n.; pl. Jacobuses [See Jacobite.] An English gold coin, of the value of twenty- five shillings sterling, struck in the reign of James I.

(Jac"o*net) n. [F. jaconas.] A thin cotton fabric, between cambric and muslin, used for dresses, neckcloths, etc. [Written also jacconet.]

(Jac*quard") a. Pertaining to, or invented by, Jacquard, a French mechanician, who died in 1834.

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