(In-) [See In, prep. Cf. Em-, En-.] A prefix from Eng. prep. in, also from Lat. prep. in, meaning
in, into, on, among; as, inbred, inborn, inroad; incline, inject, intrude. In words from the Latin, in-
regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a labial; as, illusion, irruption, imblue,
immigrate, impart. In- is sometimes used with an simple intensive force.
(In-) [L. in-; akin to E. un-. See Un-.] An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning not, non-, un-
as, inactive, incapable, inapt. In- regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a
(-in). A suffix. See the Note under - ine.
(In), prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. i, Sw. & Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. 'en. &radic197. Cf.
1st In-, Inn.] The specific signification of in is situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment,
encompassment, etc. It is used with verbs signifying being, resting, or moving within limits, or within
circumstances or conditions of any kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly or
in part. In its different applications, it approaches some of the meanings of, and sometimes is interchangeable
with, within, into, on, at, of, and among. It is used:
1. With reference to space or place; as, he lives in Boston; he traveled in Italy; castles in the air.
The babe lying in a manger.Luke ii. 16.
Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west.Shak.
Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude.Gibbon.
Matter for censure in every page.Macaulay.
2. With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is in difficulties; she stood in a blaze of light.
"Fettered in amorous chains." Shak.
Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils.Shelley.
3. With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first in his family; the
first regiment in the army.
Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry.Swift.
4. With reference to physical surrounding, personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am in doubt; the
room is in darkness; to live in fear.
When shall we three meet again,Shak.
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
5. With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to
be in one's favor. "In sight of God's high throne." Milton.
Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh.Cowper.
6. With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or environment; sometimes equivalent
to into; as, to put seed in the ground; to fall in love; to end in death; to put our trust in God.
He would not plunge his brother in despair.Addison.
She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets.Fielding.
7. With reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it happened in the last century; in all my life.