Illtreat to Imagery
(Ill`treat") v. t. To treat cruelly or improperly; to ill use; to maltreat.
(Il*lude") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuded; p. pr. & vb. n. Illuding.] [L. illudere, illusum; pref. il- in
+ ludere to play: cf. OF. illuder. See Ludicrous.] To play upon by artifice; to deceive; to mock; to excite
and disappoint the hopes of.
(Il*lume") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illumed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Illuming.] [Cf. F. illuminer. See Illuminate.]
To throw or spread light upon; to make light or bright; to illuminate; to illumine. Shak.
The mountain's brow,Thomson.
Illumed with fluid gold.
(Il*lu"mi*na*ble) a. Capable of being illuminated.
(Il*lu"mi*nant) n. [L. illuminans, -antis, p. pr. of illuminare.] That which illuminates or affords
light; as, gas and petroleum are illuminants. Boyle.
(Il*lu"mi*na*ry) a. Illuminative.
(Il*lu"mi*nate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuminated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Illuminating ] [L. illuminatus,
p. p. of illuminare; pref. il- in + luminare to enlighten, fr. lumen light. See Luminous, and cf. Illume,
Illumine, Enlimn, Limn.]
1. To make light; to throw light on; to supply with light, literally or figuratively; to brighten.
2. To light up; to decorate with artificial lights, as a building or city, in token of rejoicing or respect.
3. To adorn, as a book or page with borders, initial letters, or miniature pictures in colors and gold, as
was done in manuscripts of the Middle Ages.
4. To make plain or clear; to dispel the obscurity to by knowledge or reason; to explain; to elucidate; as, to
illuminate a text, a problem, or a duty.
(Il*lu"mi*nate) v. i. To light up in token or rejoicing.
(Il*lu"mi*nate) a. [L. illuminatus, p. p.] Enlightened. Bp. Hall.
(Il*lu"mi*nate), n. One who is enlightened; esp., a pretender to extraordinary light and knowledge.
(||Il*lu`mi*na"ti) n. pl. [L. illuminatus. See Illuminate, v. t., and cf. Illuminee.] Literally,
those who are enlightened; variously applied as follows:
1. (Eccl.) Persons in the early church who had received baptism; in which ceremony a lighted taper
was given them, as a symbol of the spiritual illumination they has received by that sacrament.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine
was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances,
sacraments, good works, etc.; called also Alumbrados, Perfectibilists, etc.
3. (Mod. Hist.) Members of certain associations in Modern Europe, who combined to promote social
reforms, by which they expected to raise men and society to perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776
by Adam Weishaupt, professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly for a time, but ceased
after a few years.
4. Also applied to: (a) An obscure sect of French Familists; (b) The Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists;
(c) The Rosicrucians.
5. Any persons who profess special spiritual or intellectual enlightenment.