starboard side. Helm alee, Helm aweather, when the tiller is borne over to the lee or to the weather
side. Helm hard alee or hard aport, hard astarboard, etc., when the tiller is borne over to the
extreme limit. Helm port, the round hole in a vessel's counter through which the rudderstock passes.
Helm down, helm alee. Helm up, helm aweather. To ease the helm, to let the tiller come
more amidships, so as to lessen the strain on the rudder. To feel the helm, to obey it. To right
the helm, to put it amidships. To shift the helm, to bear the tiller over to the corresponding position
on the opposite side of the vessel. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
(Helm), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Helmed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Helming.] To steer; to guide; to direct. [R.]
The business he hath helmed.Shak.
A wild wave . . . overbears the bark,Tennyson.
And him that helms it.
(Helm), n. [AS. See Helmet.]
1. A helmet. [Poetic]
2. A heavy cloud lying on the brow of a mountain. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
(Helm), v. t. To cover or furnish with a helm or helmet. [Perh. used only as a past part. or part.
She that helmed was in starke stours.Chaucer.
(Helm"age) n. Guidance; direction. [R.]
(Helm"ed) a. Covered with a helmet.
The helmed cherubimMilton.
Are seen in glittering ranks.
(Hel"met) n. [OF. helmet, a dim of helme, F. heaume; of Teutonic origin; cf. G. helm, akin
to AS. & OS. helm, D. helm, helmet, Icel. hjalmr, Sw. hjelm, Dan. hielm, Goth. hilms; and prob.
from the root of AS. helan to hide, to hele; cf. also Lith. szalmas, Russ. shleme, Skr. çarman
protection. &radic17. Cf. Hele, Hell, Helm a helmet.]
1. (Armor) A defensive covering for the head. See Casque, Headpiece, Morion, Sallet, and Illust.
2. (Her.) The representation of a helmet over shields or coats of arms, denoting gradations of rank by
modifications of form.
3. A helmet-shaped hat, made of cork, felt, metal, or other suitable material, worn as part of the uniform
of soldiers, firemen, etc., also worn in hot countries as a protection from the heat of the sun.
4. That which resembles a helmet in form, position, etc.; as: (a) (Chem.) The upper part of a retort.
Boyle. (b) (Bot.) The hood-formed upper sepal or petal of some flowers, as of the monkshood or the
snapdragon. (c) (Zoöl.) A naked shield or protuberance on the top or fore part of the head of a bird.
Helmet beetle (Zoöl.), a leaf- eating beetle of the family Chrysomelidæ, having a short, broad, and flattened
body. Many species are known. Helmet shell (Zoöl.), one of many species of tropical marine univalve
shells belonging to Cassis and allied genera. Many of them are large and handsome; several are used
for cutting as cameos, and hence are called cameo shells. See King conch. Helmet shrike (Zoöl.),
an African wood shrike of the genus Prionodon, having a large crest.
(Hel`met*ed) a. Wearing a helmet; furnished with or having a helmet or helmet-shaped part; galeate.