(Gra*phol"o*gy) n. [Gr. gra`fein to write + - logy: cf. F. graphologie.] The art of judging
of a person's character, disposition, and aptitude from his handwriting.
(Graph"o*scope) n. [Gr. gra`fein to write + -scope.] An optical instrument for magnifying
engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.
(Graph"o*type) n. [Gr. gra`fein to write + -type.] (Engraving) A process for producing a
design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed
upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which
hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the
lines in relief.
(-gra*phy) [Gr. fr. write. See Graphic.] A suffix denoting the art of writing or describing; also,
the writing or description itself; a treatise; as, calligraphy, biography, geography.
(Grap"nel) n. [OE. grapenel, dim. fr. F. grappin the grapple of a ship; of German origin. See
Grape.] (Naut.) A small anchor, with four or five flukes or claws, used to hold boats or small vessels; hence,
any instrument designed to grapple or hold; a grappling iron; a grab; written also grapline, and crapnel.
(Grap"ple) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grappled ; p. pr. & vb. n. Grappling ] [F. grappiller, OF. graypil
the grapple of a ship, fr. graper to pluck, prop., to seize, clutch; of German origin. See Grape.]
1. To seize; to lay fast hold of; to attack at close quarters: as, to grapple an antagonist.
2. To fasten, as with a grapple; to fix; to join indissolubly.
The gallies were grappled to the Centurion.Hakluyt.
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel.Shak.
To grapple with, to enter into contest with, resolutely and courageously.
(Grap"ple), v. i. To use a grapple; to contend in close fight; to attach one's self as if by a grapple,
as in wrestling; to close; to seize one another.
And in my standard bear the arms of York,Shak.
To grapple with the house of Lancaster.
(Grap"ple), n. [See Grapple, v. t., and cf. Crapple.]
1. A seizing or seizure; close hug in contest; the wrestler's hold. Milton.
2. (a) An instrument, usually with hinged claws, for seizing and holding fast to an object; a grab. (b)
(Naut.) A grappling iron.
The iron hooks and grapples keen.Spenser. Grapple plant (Bot.), a South African herb (Herpagophytum leptocarpum) having the woody fruits
armed with long hooked or barbed thorns by which they adhere to cattle, causing intense annoyance.
Grapple shot (Life-saving Service), a projectile, to which are attached hinged claws to catch in a
ship's rigging or to hold in the ground; - - called also anchor shot.
(Grapple*ment) n. A grappling; close fight or embrace. [Obs.] Spenser.
1. A laying fast ho1d of; also, that by which anything is seized and held, a grapnel.