Gastness to Gather
(Gast"ness) n. See Ghastness. [Obs.]
(||Gas*tor"nis) n. [NL., from Gaston M. Plante, the discover + Gr. bird.] (Paleon.) A genus
of large eocene birds from the Paris basin.
(||Gas*træ"a) n. [NL., from Gr. the stomach.] (Biol.) A primeval larval form; a double-walled sac
from which, according to the hypothesis of Haeckel, man and all other animals, that in the first stages
of their individual evolution pass through a two-layered structural stage, or gastrula form, must have
descended. This idea constitutes the Gastræa theory of Haeckel. See Gastrula.
(||Gas*tral"gi*a) n. [NL., fr. Gr. stomach + pain.] (Med.) Pain in the stomach or epigastrium,
as in gastric disorders.
Gastric digestion (Physiol.), the conversion of the albuminous portion of food in the stomach into
soluble and diffusible products by the solvent action of gastric juice. Gastric fever (Med.), a fever
attended with prominent gastric symptoms; a name applied to certain forms of typhoid fever; also, to
catarrhal inflammation of the stomach attended with fever. Gastric juice (Physiol.), a thin, watery
fluid, with an acid reaction, secreted by a peculiar set of glands contained in the mucous membrane of
the stomach. It consists mainly of dilute hydrochloric acid and the ferment pepsin. It is the most important
digestive fluid in the body, but acts only on proteid foods. Gastric remittent fever (Med.), a form
of remittent fever with pronounced stomach symptoms.
(Gas"tric) a. [Gr. stomach: cf. F. gastrique.] Of, pertaining to, or situated near, the stomach; as,
the gastric artery.
(Gas*tril"o*quist) n. [Gr. gasth`r, gastro`s, stomach + L. loqui to speak.] One who
appears to speak from his stomach; a ventriloquist.
(Gas*tril"o*quous) a. Ventriloquous. [R.]
(Gas*tril"o*quy) n. A voice or utterance which appears to proceed from the stomach; ventriloquy.
(||Gas*tri"tis) n. [NL., from. Gr. stomach + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the stomach, esp. of
its mucuos membrane.
(Gas"tro-) A combining form from the Gr. the stomach, or belly; as in gastrocolic, gastrocele,
(Gas`troc*ne"mi*us) n. [NL., from Gr. the calf of the leg.] (Anat.) The muscle which
makes the greater part of the calf of the leg.
(Gas`tro*col"ic) a. [Gastro- + colic.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the stomach and the colon; as,
the gastrocolic, or great, omentum.
(Gas`tro*disc) n. [Gastro- + disc.] (Biol.) That part of blastoderm where the hypoblast
appears like a small disk on the inner face of the epibladst.
(Gas`tro*du"o*de"nal) a. [Gastro- + -duodenal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the stomach
and duodenum; as, the gastroduodenal artery.
(Gas`tro*du`o*de*ni"tis) n. [NL. See Gastroduodenal, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation
of the stomach and duodenum. It is one of the most frequent causes of jaundice.
(Gas`tro*el`y*trot"o*my) n. [Gastro- + Gr sheath + a cutting] (Surg.) The operation of
cutting into the upper part of the vagina, through the abdomen for the purpose of removing a fetus. It is
a substitute for the Cæsarean operation, and less dangerous.