(Fu"rile) n. [Furfurol + benzile.] (Chem.) A yellow, crystalline substance, (C4H3O)2.C2O2, obtained
by the oxidation of furoin. [Written also furil.]
(Fu*ril"ic) a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, furile; as, furilic acid.
(||Fu"ri*o"so) a. & adv. [It.] (Mus.) With great force or vigor; vehemently.
(Fu"ri*ous) a. [L. furiosus, fr. furia rage, fury: cf. F. furieux. See Fury.]
1. Transported with passion or fury; raging; violent; as, a furious animal.
2. Rushing with impetuosity; moving with violence; as, a furious stream; a furious wind or storm.
Syn. Impetuous; vehement; boisterous; fierce; turbulent; tumultuous; angry; mad; frantic; frenzied.
Fu"ri*ous*ly, adv. Fu"ri*ous*ness, n.
(Furl) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Furled (fûrl); p. pr. & vb. n. Furling.] [Contr. fr. furdle, fr. fardel bundle: cf.
F. ferler to furl, OF. fardeler to pack. See Furdle, Fardel, and cf. Farl.] To draw up or gather into
close compass; to wrap or roll, as a sail, close to the yard, stay, or mast, or, as a flag, close to or around
its staff, securing it there by a gasket or line. Totten.
(Fur"long) n. [OE. furlong, furlang, AS. furlang, furlung, prop., the length of a furrow; furh
furrow + lang long. See Furrow, and Long, a.] A measure of length; the eighth part of a mile; forty
rods; two hundred and twenty yards.
(Fur"lough) n. [Prob. fr. D. verlof, fr. a prefix akin to E. for + the root of E. lief, and akin
to Dan. forlov, Sw. förlof, G. verlaub permission. See Life, a.] (Mil.) Leave of absence; especially,
leave given to an officer or soldier to be absent from service for a certain time; also, the document granting
leave of absence.
(Fur"lough), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Furloughed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Furloughing.] (Mil.) To furnish
with a furlough; to grant leave of absence to, as to an officer or soldier.
(Fur"mon*ty Fur"mi*ty) n. Same as Frumenty.
(Fur"nace) n. [OE. fornais, forneis, OF. fornaise, F. fournaise, from L. fornax; akin to furnus
oven, and prob. to E. forceps.]
1. An inclosed place in which heat is produced by the combustion of fuel, as for reducing ores or melting
metals, for warming a house, for baking pottery, etc.; as, an iron furnace; a hot-air furnace; a glass furnace; a
boiler furnace, etc.
Furnaces are classified as wind or air. furnaces when the fire is urged only by the natural draught; as
blast furnaces, when the fire is urged by the injection artificially of a forcible current of air; and as reverberatory
furnaces, when the flame, in passing to the chimney, is thrown down by a low arched roof upon the
materials operated upon.
2. A place or time of punishment, affiction, or great trial; severe experience or discipline. Deut. iv. 20.
Bustamente furnace, a shaft furnace for roasting quicksilver ores. Furnace bridge, Same as
Bridge wall. See Bridge, n., 5. Furnace cadmiam or cadmia, the oxide of zinc which accumulates
in the chimneys of furnaces smelting zinciferous ores. Raymond. Furnace hoist (Iron Manuf.), a
lift for raising ore, coal, etc., to the mouth of a blast furnace.