1. The office, rank, or commission, of a lieutenant.
2. The body of lieutenants or subordinates. [Obs.]
The list of the lieutenancy of our metropolis.Felton.
(Lieu*ten"ant) n. [F., fr. lieu place + tenant holding, p. pr. of tenir to hold, L. tenere. See
Lieu, and Tenant, and cf. Locum Tenens.]
1. An officer who supplies the place of a superior in his absence; a representative of, or substitute for,
another in the performance of any duty.
The lawful magistrate, who is the vicegerent or lieutenant of God.Abp. Bramhall.
2. (a) A commissioned officer in the army, next below a captain. (b) A commissioned officer in the
British navy, in rank next below a commander. (c) A commissioned officer in the United States navy, in
rank next below a lieutenant commander.
Lieutenant is often used, either adjectively or in hyphened compounds, to denote an officer, in rank next
below another, especially when the duties of the higher officer may devolve upon the lower one; as, lieutenant
general, or lieutenant- general; lieutenant colonel, or lieutenant-colonel; lieutenant governor, etc.
Deputy lieutenant, the title of any one of the deputies or assistants of the lord lieutenant of a county.
[Eng.] Lieutenant colonel, an army officer next in rank above major, and below colonel. Lieutenant
commander, an officer in the United States navy, in rank next below a commander and next above a
lieutenant. Lieutenant general. See in Vocabulary. Lieutenant governor. (a) An officer of
a State, being next in rank to the governor, and, in case of the death or resignation of the latter, himself
acting as governor. [U. S.] (b) A deputy governor acting as the chief civil officer of one of several colonies
under a governor general. [Eng.]
(Lieu*ten"ant gen"er*al) An army officer in rank next below a general and next above
a major general.
In the United States, before the civil war, this rank had been conferred only on George Washington and
(in brevet) on Winfield Scott. In 1864 it was revived by Congress and conferred on Ulysses S. Grant,
and subsequently, by promotion, on William T. Sherman and Philip H. Sheridan, each of whom was
advanced to the rank of general of the army. When Sheridan was made general (in 1888) the rank of
lieutenant general was suffered to lapse. See General.
(Lieu*ten"ant*ry) n. See Lieutenancy. [Obs.]
(Lieu*ten"ant*ship), n. Same as Lieutenancy, 1.
(Lieve) a. Same as Lief.
(Lif) n. [Written also lief.] The fiber by which the petioles of the date palm are bound together,
from which various kinds of cordage are made.
(Life) n.; pl. Lives [AS. lif; akin to D. lijf body, G. leib body, MHG. lip life, body, OHG. lib life,
Icel. lif, life, body, Sw. lif, Dan. liv, and E. live, v. &radic119. See Live, and cf. Alive.]
1. The state of being which begins with generation, birth, or germination, and ends with death; also, the
time during which this state continues; that state of an animal or plant in which all or any of its organs
are capable of performing all or any of their functions; - - used of all animal and vegetable organisms.