(Frieze) n. [Perh. the same word as frieze a, kind of cloth. Cf. Friz.] (Arch.) (a) That part
of the entablature of an order which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face,
either uniform or broken by triglyphs, and often enriched with figures and other ornaments of sculpture.
(b) Any sculptured or richly ornamented band in a building or, by extension, in rich pieces of furniture.
See Illust. of Column.
Cornice or frieze with bossy sculptures graven.Milton.
(Frieze) n. [F. frise, perh. originally a woolen cloth or stuff from Friesland (F. Frise); cf. LL. frisii
panni and frissatus pannus, a shaggy woolen cloth, F. friser to friz, curl. Cf. Friz.] A kind of coarse
woolen cloth or stuff with a shaggy or tufted (friezed) nap on one side. "Robes of frieze." Goldsmith.
Friezing machine, a machine for friezing cloth; a friezing machine.
(Frieze), v. t. To make a nap on (cloth); to friz. See Friz, v. t., 2.
(Friezed) a. Gathered, or having the map gathered, into little tufts, knots, or protuberances. Cf.
Frieze, v. t., and Friz, v. t., 2.
(Frie"zer) n. One who, or that which, friezes or frizzes.
(Frig"ate) n. [F. frégate, It. fregata, prob. contracted fr. L. fabricata something constructed or
built. See Fabricate.]
1. Originally, a vessel of the Mediterranean propelled by sails and by oars. The French, about 1650,
transferred the name to larger vessels, and by 1750 it had been appropriated for a class of war vessels
intermediate between corvettes and ships of the line. Frigates, from about 1750 to 1850, had one full
battery deck and, often, a spar deck with a lighter battery. They carried sometimes as many as fifty
guns. After the application of steam to navigation steam frigates of largely increased size and power
were built, and formed the main part of the navies of the world till about 1870, when the introduction of
ironclads superseded them. [Formerly spelled frigat and friggot.]
2. Any small vessel on the water. [Obs.] Spenser.
Frigate bird (Zoöl.), a web- footed rapacious bird, of the genus Fregata; called also man-of-war
bird, and frigate pelican. Two species are known; that of the Southern United States and West Indies
is F. aquila. They are remarkable for their long wings and powerful flight. Their food consists of fish
which they obtain by robbing gulls, terns, and other birds, of their prey. They are related to the pelicans.
Frigate mackerel (Zoöl.), an oceanic fish (Auxis Rochei) of little or no value as food, often very
abundant off the coast of the United States. Frigate pelican. (Zoöl.) Same as Frigate bird.
(Frig"ate-built") a. (Naut.) Built like a frigate with a raised quarter-deck and forecastle.
(Frig"a*toon`) n. [It. fregatone: cf. F. frégaton. See Frigate.] (Naut.) A Venetian vessel,
with a square stern, having only a mainmast, jigger mast, and bowsprit; also a sloop of war ship- rigged.
(Frig"e*fac`tion) n. [L. frigere to be cold + facere to make.] The act of making cold. [Obs.]
(Frig"e*fac`tive) a. Cooling. [Obs.] Boyle.
(Frig"er*ate) v. t. [L. frigerare, fr. frigus cold.] To make cool. [Obs.] Blount.
(Frigg Frig"ga) n. [Icel. Frigg. See Friday.] (Scand. Myth.) The wife of Odin and mother of the
gods; the supreme goddess; the Juno of the Valhalla. Cf. Freya.
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