(Physics), the force which produces, or tends to produce, electricity, or an electric current; sometimes used to express the degree of electrification as equivalent to potential, or more properly difference of potential.

(E*lec`tro*mo"tor) n. [Cf. F. électromoteur.]

1. (Physics) A mover or exciter of electricity; as apparatus for generating a current of electricity.

2. (Mech.) An apparatus or machine for producing motion and mechanical effects by the action of electricity; an electro-magnetic engine.

(E*lec`tro-mus"cu*lar) a. (Physiol.) Pertaining the reaction (contraction) of the muscles under electricity, or their sensibility to it.

(E*lec"tron) n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'h`lektron. See Electric.] Amber; also, the alloy of gold and silver, called electrum.

(E*lec`tro-neg"a*tive) a. (Chem. & Physics) (a) Having the property of being attracted by an electro-positive body, or a tendency to pass to the positive pole in electrolysis, by the law that opposite electricities attract each other. (b) Negative; nonmetallic; acid; — opposed to positive, metallic, or basic.

(E*lec`tro-neg"a*tive), n. (Chem. & Physics) A body which passes to the positive pole in electrolysis.

(E`lec*trop"a*thy) n. [Electro- + Gr. pa`qos suffering.] (Med.) The treatment of disease by electricity.

(E*lec"tro*phone) n. [Electro- + Gr. fwnh` sound.] (Physics) An instrument for producing sound by means of electric currents.

(||E*lec`troph"o*rus) n.; pl. ||Electrophori [NL., fr. combining form electro- + Gr. fe`rein to bear.] (Physics) An instrument for exciting electricity, and repeating the charge indefinitely by induction, consisting of a flat cake of resin, shellac, or ebonite, upon which is placed a plate of metal.

(E*lec`tro-phys`i*o*log"ic*al) a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to electrical results produced through physiological agencies, or by change of action in a living organism.

(E*lec`tro-phys`i*ol"o*gy) n. (Physiol.) That branch of physiology which treats of electric phenomena produced through physiological agencies.

(E*lec"tro*plate`) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electroplating.] (Mech.) To plate or cover with a coating of metal, usually silver, nickel, or gold, by means of electrolysis.

(E*lec"tro*pla`ter) n. One who electroplates.

(E*lec"tro*pla`ting) n. The art or process of depositing a coating (commonly) of silver, gold, or nickel on an inferior metal, by means of electricity.

(E*lec`tro-po"lar) a. (Physics) Possessing electrical polarity; positively electrified at one end, or on one surface, and negatively at the other; — said of a conductor.

(E*lec`tro-pos"i*tive) a.

Electro-motive force

  By PanEris using Melati.

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