(Ec"lo*gite) n. [See Ecloque.] (Min.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green
smaragdite, and common hornblende; so called in reference to its beauty.
(Ec"logue) n. [L. ecloga, Gr. a selection, choice extracts, fr. to pick out, choose out; out + to
gather, choose: cf. F. égloque, écloque. See Ex-, and Legend.] A pastoral poem, in which shepherds
are introduced conversing with each other; a bucolic; an idyl; as, the Ecloques of Virgil, from which the
modern usage of the word has been established.
(E`co*nom"ic E`co*nom"ic*al) a. [F. économique, L. oeconomicus orderly, methodical, Gr.
economical. See Economy.]
1. Pertaining to the household; domestic. "In this economical misfortune [of ill- assorted matrimony.]"
2. Relating to domestic economy, or to the management of household affairs.
And doth employ her economic artSir J. Davies.
And busy care, her household to preserve.
3. Managing with frugality; guarding against waste or unnecessary expense; careful and frugal in management
and in expenditure; said of character or habits.
Just rich enough, with economic care,Harte.
To save a pittance.
4. Managed with frugality; not marked with waste or extravagance; frugal; said of acts; saving; as, an
economical use of money or of time.
5. Relating to the means of living, or the resources and wealth of a country; relating to political economy; as,
economic purposes; economical truths.
These matters economical and political.J. C. Shairp.
There was no economical distress in England to prompt the enterprises of colonization.Palfrey.
Economic questions, such as money, usury, taxes, lands, and the employment of the people.H. C. Baird.
6. Regulative; relating to the adaptation of means to an end. Grew.
Economical is the usual form when meaning frugal, saving; economic is the form commonly used when
meaning pertaining to the management of a household, or of public affairs.
(E`co*nom"ic*al*ly) adv. With economy; with careful management; with prudence in expenditure.
(E`co*nom"ics) n. [Gr. ta` o'ikonomika`, equiv. to "h o'ikonomi`a. See Economic.]
1. The science of household affairs, or of domestic management.
2. Political economy; the science of the utilities or the useful application of wealth or material resources.
See Political economy, under Political. "In politics and economics." V. Knox.
(E*con"o*mist) n. [Cf. F. économiste.]