(||Cin"gu*lum) n. [L., a girdle.] (Zoöl.) (a) A distinct girdle or band of color; a raised spiral
line as seen on certain univalve shells. (b) The clitellus of earthworms. (c) The base of the crown of a
(Cin"na*bar) n. [L. cinnabaris, Gr. prob. of Oriental origin; cf. Per. qinbar, Hind. shangarf.]
1. (Min.) Red sulphide of mercury, occurring in brilliant red crystals, and also in red or brown amorphous
masses. It is used in medicine.
2. The artificial red sulphide of mercury used as a pigment; vermilion.
Cinnabar Græcorum [L. Graecorum, gen. pl., of the Greeks.] (Med.) Same as Dragon's blood.
Green cinnabar, a green pigment consisting of the oxides of cobalt and zinc subjected to the action
of fire. Hepatic cinnabar (Min.), an impure cinnabar of a liver-brown color and submetallic luster.
(Cin"na*ba*rine) a. [Cf. F. cinabarin.] Pertaining to, or resembling, cinnabar; consisting of
cinnabar, or containing it; as, cinnabarine sand.
(Cin"na*mene) n. [From Cinnamic.] (Chem.) Styrene (which was formerly called cinnamene
because obtained from cinnamic acid). See Styrene.
Cinnamic acid (Chem.), a white, crystalline, odorless substance. C6H5. C2H2C2H2.CO2H, formerly
obtained from storax and oil of cinnamon, now made from certain benzene derivatives in large quantities,
and used for the artificial production of indigo.
(Cin*nam"ic) a. [From Cinnamon.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, cinnamon.
(Cin`na*mom"ic) a. [L. cinnamomum cinnamon.] (Chem.) See Cinnamic.
Cinnamon stone (Min.), a variety of garnet, of a cinnamon or hyacinth red color, sometimes used in
jewelry. Oil of cinnamon, a colorless aromatic oil obtained from cinnamon and cassia, and consisting
essentially of cinnamic aldehyde, C6H5.C2H2.CHO. - - Wild cinnamon. See Canella.
(Cin"na*mon) n. [Heb. qinnamon; cf. Gr. cinnamomum, cinnamon. The Heb. word itself
seems to have been borrowed from some other language; cf. Malay kaju manis sweet wood.] (a) The
inner bark of the shoots of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, a tree growing in Ceylon. It is aromatic, of a
moderately pungent taste, and is one of the best cordial, carminative, and restorative spices. (b) Cassia.
(Cin"na*mone) n. [Cinnamic + -one.] A yellow crystalline substance, (C6H5. C2H2)2CO,
the ketone of cinnamic acid.
(Cin"na*myl) n. [Cinnamic + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical, (C6H5. C2H2)2C, of
cinnamic compounds. [Formerly written also cinnamule.]
(Cin"no*line) n. [Cinnamic + quinoline.] A nitrogenous organic base, C8H6N2, analogous to
quinoline, obtained from certain complex diazo compounds.
(Cinque) n. [F. cinq, fr. L. quinque five. See Five.] Five; the number five in dice or cards.
(||Cin`que*cen"to) n. & a. [It., five hundred, abbrev. for fifteen hundred. The Cinquecento
style was so called because it arose after the year 1500.] The sixteenth century, when applied to Italian
art or literature; as, the sculpture of the Cinquecento; Cinquecento style.
(Cinque"foil`) n. [Cinque five + foil, F. feuille leaf. See Foil.]
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