Syn. Chief; leading; controlling; prominent.
(Cap"i*tal) n. [Cf. L. capitellum and Capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a
column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See Chief, and cf. Cattle, Chattel, Chapiter,
1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three
parts, abacus, bell and necking. See these terms, and Column.
2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a
metropolis. "A busy and splendid capital" Macauly.
3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or
lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital, a.
4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support
human beings or to assist in production. M'Culloch.
When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes
fixed capital (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) amd
circulating capital (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). T.
5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.
He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture.
6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.
7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.]
Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital.
Sir W. Scott.
8. (Print.) See Capital letter, under Capital, a.
Active capital. See under Active, Small capital (Print.), a small capital letter. See under Capital,
a. To live on one's capital, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything
to replace it.
(Cap"i*tal*ist), n. [Cf. F. capitaliste.] One who has capital; one who has money for investment,
or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.
The expenditure of the capitalist.
(Cap"i*tal*i*za`tion) n. The act or process of capitalizing.
(Cap"i*tal*ize) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capitalized ; p. pr. & vb. n. Capitalizing.]
1. To convert into capital, or to use as capital.
2. To compute, appraise, or assess the capital value of (a patent right, an annuity, etc.)
3. To print in capital letters, or with an initial capital.
1. In a way involving the forfeiture of the head or life; as, to punish capitally.