Calabar bean, The of a climbing legumious plant a native of tropical Africa. It is highly poisonous. It is used to produce contraction of the pupil of the eye; also in tetanus, neuralgia, and rheumatic diseases; — called also ordeal bean, being used by the negroes in trials for witchcraft.

(Cal"a*bar*ine) n. (Chem.) An alkaloid resembling physostigmine and occurring with it in the calabar bean.

(Cal"a*bash) n. [Sp. calabaza, or Pg. calabaça, cabaça (cf. F. Calebasse), lit., a dry gourd, fr. Ar. qar', fem., a kind of gourd + aibas dry.]

1. The common gourd

2. The fruit of the calabash tree.

3. A water dipper, bottle, bascket, or other utensil, made from the dry shell of a calabash or gourd.

Calabash tree. (Bot.), a tree of tropical America producing a large gourdlike fruit, containing a purgative pulp. Its hard shell, after the removal of the pulp, is used for cups, bottles, etc. The African calabash tree is the baobab.

(Cal`a*boose") n. [A corruption of Sp. calabozo dungeon.] A prison; a jail. [Local, U. S.]

(||Ca*lade") n. [F.] A slope or declivity in a manege ground down which a horse is made to gallop, to give suppleness to his haunches.

(||Ca*la"di*um) n. [NL.] A genus of aroideous plants, of which some species are cultivated for their immense leaves (which are often curiously blotched with white and red), and others (in Polynesia) for food.

(Cal"a*ite) n. [L. callaïs, Gr. ka`lai:s, ka`llai:s; cf. F. calaïte.] A mineral. See Turquoise.

(Cal`a*man"co) n. [LL. calamancus, calamacus; cf. camelaucum; a head covering made of camel's hair, NGr. kamelay`kion, and F. calmande a woolen stuff.] A glossy woolen stuff, plain, striped, or checked. "A gay calamanco waistcoat." Tatler.

Calamander wood
(Cal"a*man`der wood) A valuable furniture wood from India and Ceylon, of a hazel- brown color, with black stripes, very hard in texture. It is a species of ebony, and is obtained from the Diospyros quæsita. Called also Coromandel wood.

(Cal"a*mar) Calamary
(Cal"a*ma*ry), (-ma*ryr) n. [LL. calamarium inkstand, fr. L. calamus a reed pen: cf. F. calmar, calemar, pen case, calamar.] (Zoöl.) A cephalopod, belonging to the genus Loligo and related genera. There are many species. They have a sack of inklike fluid which they discharge from the siphon tube, when pursued or alarmed, in order to confuse their enemies. Their shell is a thin horny plate, within the flesh of the back, shaped very much like a quill pen. In America they are called squids. See Squid.

(Cal"am*bac) n. [F. calambac, calambour, from Malay Kalambaq a king of fragrant wood.] (Bot.) A fragrant wood; agalloch.

(Cal"am*bour) n. [See Calambac.] A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac; — used by cabinetmakers.

(Cal) n. (Cornish Mines) Wolfram, an ore of tungsten. Simmonds.

(Cal"a*bar) n. A district on the west coast of Africa.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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