Brazilin to Break
(Braz"i*lin) n. [Cf. F. brésiline. See Brazil.] (Chem.) A substance contained in both Brazil
wood and Sapan wood, from which it is extracted as a yellow crystalline substance which is white when
pure. It is colored intensely red by alkalies. [Written also brezilin.]
(Bra*zil" nut`) (Bot.) An oily, three-sided nut, the seed of the Bertholletia excelsa; the cream
From eighteen to twenty-four of the seed or "nuts" grow in a hard and nearly globular shell.
(Bra*zil" wood`) [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh.
from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. Braze, Brasier); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing red or yellow. This
name was given to the wood from its color; and it is said that King Emanuel, of Portugal, gave the name
Brazil to the country in South America on account of its producing this wood.]
1. The wood of the oriental Cæsalpinia Sapan; so called before the discovery of America.
2. A very heavy wood of a reddish color, imported from Brazil and other tropical countries, for cabinet-
work, and for dyeing. The best is the heartwood of Cæsalpinia echinata, a leguminous tree; but other
trees also yield it. An inferior sort comes from Jamaica, the timber of C. Braziliensis and C. crista.
This is often distinguished as Braziletto , but the better kind is also frequently so named.
(Breach) n. [OE. breke, breche, AS. brice, gebrice, gebrece fr. brecan to break; akin to
Dan. bræk, MHG. breche, gap, breach. See Break, and cf. Brake (the instrument), Brack a break]
1. The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.
2. Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a
breach of contract; a breach of promise.
3. A gap or opening made made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between
the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.
Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more;
Or close the wall up with our English dead.
4. A breaking of waters, as over a vessel; the waters themselves; surge; surf.
The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. A clear breach implies that the waves roll over the vessel without breaking. A clean breach implies
that everything on deck is swept away. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
2 Sam. v. 20
5. A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.
There's fallen between him and my lord
An unkind breach.
6. A bruise; a wound.
Breach for breach, eye for eye.
Lev. xxiv. 20
7. (Med.) A hernia; a rupture.
8. A breaking out upon; an assault.
The Lord had made a breach upon Uzza.
1. Chron. xiii. 11