etc. Black bear (Zoöl.), the common American bear Black beast. See Bête noire. Black
beetle (Zoöl.), the common large cockroach (Blatta orientalis). Black and blue, the dark color of
a bruise in the flesh, which is accompanied with a mixture of blue. "To pinch the slatterns black and
blue." Hudibras. Black bonnet (Zoöl.), the black-headed bunting (Embriza Schniclus) of Europe.
Black canker, a disease in turnips and other crops, produced by a species of caterpillar. Black cat
(Zoöl.), the fisher, a quadruped of North America allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher. Black
cattle, any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.] Black cherry.
See under Cherry. Black cockatoo (Zoöl.), the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo. Black copper.
Same as Melaconite. Black currant. (Bot.) See Currant. Black diamond. (Min.) See Carbonado.
Black draught (Med.), a cathartic medicine, composed of senna and magnesia. Black drop
(Med.), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.
Black earth, mold; earth of a dark color. Woodward. Black flag, the flag of a pirate, often
bearing in white a skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance. Black flea (Zoöl.), a flea beetle (Haltica
nemorum) injurious to turnips. Black flux, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal, obtained
by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of niter. Brande & C. Black fly. (Zoöl.) (a) In the United
States, a small, venomous, two-winged fly of the genus Simulium of several species, exceedingly abundant
and troublesome in the northern forests. The larvæ are aquatic. (b) A black plant louse, as the bean
aphis Black Forest [a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in Baden and Würtemburg, in Germany; a
part of the ancient Hercynian forest. Black game, or Black grouse. (Zoöl.) See Blackcock, Grouse,
and Heath grouse. Black grass (Bot.), a grasslike rush of the species Juncus Gerardi, growing
on salt marshes, and making good hay. Black gum (Bot.), an American tree, the tupelo or pepperidge.
See Tupelo. Black Hamburg (grape) (Bot.), a sweet and juicy variety of dark purple or "black" grape.
Black horse (Zoöl.), a fish of the Mississippi valley (Cycleptus elongatus), of the sucker family; the
Missouri sucker. Black lemur (Zoöl.), the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the acoumbo of the natives.
Black list, a list of persons who are for some reason thought deserving of censure or punishment;
esp. a list of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made for the protection of tradesmen
or employers. See Blacklist, v. t. Black manganese (Chem.), the black oxide of manganese,
MnO2. Black Maria, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried to or from jail. Black martin
(Zoöl.), the chimney swift. See Swift. Black moss (Bot.), the common so-called long moss of the
southern United States. See Tillandsia. Black oak. See under Oak. Black ocher. See
Wad. Black pigment, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance, or lampblack, prepared chiefly
for the manufacture of printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar. Black plate, sheet
iron before it is tinned. Knight. Black quarter, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a shoulder
or quarter, etc., as of an ox. Black rat (Zoöl.), one of the species of rats (Mus rattus), commonly
infesting houses. Black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3. Black rust, a disease of wheat, in which
a black, moist matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain. Black sheep, one in a family or company
who is unlike the rest, and makes trouble. Black silver. (Min.) See under Silver. Black and
tan, black mixed or spotted with tan color or reddish brown; used in describing certain breeds of
dogs. Black tea. See under Tea. Black tin (Mining), tin ore when dressed, stamped and
washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form of a black powder, like fine sand. Knight. Black walnut.
See under Walnut. Black warrior (Zoöl.), an American hawk (Buteo Harlani).
Syn. Dark; murky; pitchy; inky; somber; dusky; gloomy; swart; Cimmerian; ebon; atrocious.
(Black) adv. Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.
1. That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a
cloth has a good black.
Black is the badge of hell,
The hue of dungeons, and the suit of night.
2. A black pigment or dye.