(Bean) n. [OE. bene, AS. beán; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. pona, Icel. baun, Dan. bönne,
Sw. böna, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.]
1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, Phaseolus,
and Dolichos; also, to the herbs.
The origin and classification of many kinds are still doubtful. Among true beans are: the black-eyed bean
and China bean, included in Dolichos Sinensis; black Egyptian bean or hyacinth bean, D. Lablab; the
common haricot beans, kidney beans, string beans, and pole beans, all included in Phaseolus vulgaris; the
lower bush bean, Ph. vulgaris, variety nanus; Lima bean, Ph. lunatus; Spanish bean and scarlet runner,
Ph. multiflorus; Windsor bean, the common bean of England, Faba vulgaris.
As an article of food beans are classed with vegetables.
2. The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans.
Bean aphis (Zoöl.), a plant louse (Aphis fabæ) which infests the bean plant. Bean fly (Zoöl.), a fly
found on bean flowers. Bean goose (Zoöl.), a species of goose Bean weevil (Zoöl.), a small
weevil that in the larval state destroys beans. The American species is Bruchus fabæ. Florida bean
(Bot.), the seed of Mucuna urens, a West Indian plant. The seeds are washed up on the Florida shore,
and are often polished and made into ornaments. Ignatius bean, or St. Ignatius's bean (Bot.), a
species of Strychnos. Navy bean, the common dried white bean of commerce; probably so called
because an important article of food in the navy. Pea bean, a very small and highly esteemed variety
of the edible white bean; so called from its size. Sacred bean. See under Sacred. Screw
bean. See under Screw. Sea bean. (a) Same as Florida bean. (b) A red bean of unknown
species used for ornament. Tonquin bean, or Tonka bean, the fragrant seed of Dipteryx odorata,
a leguminous tree. Vanilla bean. See under Vanilla.
(Bean" ca`per). (Bot.) A deciduous plant of warm climates, generally with fleshy leaves and
flowers of a yellow or whitish yellow color, of the genus Zygophyllum.
(Bean" tre"foil). (Bot.) A leguminous shrub of southern Europe, with trifoliate leaves (Anagyris
(Bear) v. t. [imp. Bore (bor) (formerly Bare (bâr)); p. p. Born Borne (bor); p. pr. & vb. n. Bearing.]
[OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren to bring forth, G. gebären,
Goth. baíran to bear or carry, Icel. bera, Sw. bära, Dan. bære, OHG. beran, peran, L. ferre to bear,
carry, produce, Gr. fe`rein, OSlav. brati to take, carry, OIr. berim I bear, Skr. bh&rsdot to bear. &radic92.
1. To support or sustain; to hold up.
2. To support and remove or carry; to convey.
I 'll bear your logs the while.
3. To conduct; to bring; said of persons. [Obs.]
Bear them to my house.
4. To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
Every man should bear rule in his own house.
Esther i. 22.
5. To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.