Balsam apple(Bot.), an East Indian plant of the gourd family, with red or orange- yellow cucumber- shaped fruit of the size of a walnut, used as a vulnerary, and in liniments and poultices.Balsam fir (Bot.), the American coniferous tree, Abies balsamea, from which the useful Canada balsam is derived.Balsam of copaiba. See Copaiba.Balsam of Mecca, balm of Gilead.Balsam of Peru, a reddish brown, syrupy balsam, obtained from a Central American tree (Myroxylon Pereiræ and used as a stomachic and expectorant, and in the treatment of ulcers, etc. It was long supposed to be a product of Peru.Balsam of Tolu, a reddish or yellowish brown semisolid or solid balsam, obtained from a South American tree It is highly fragrant, and is used as a stomachic and expectorant.Balsam tree, any tree from which balsam is obtained, esp. the Abies balsamea.Canada balsam, Balsam of fir, Canada turpentine, a yellowish, viscid liquid, which, by time and exposure, becomes a transparent solid mass. It is obtained from the balm of Gilead (or balsam) fir (Abies balsamea) by breaking the vesicles upon the trunk and branches. See Balm.

(Bal"sam) v. t. To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic.

(Bal`sam*a"tion) (b&addl`sam*a"shun or bal`-), n.

1. The act of imparting balsamic properties.

2. The art or process of embalming.

(Bal*sam"ic) (b&addl*sam"ik or bal-; 277), Balsamical
(Bal*sam"ic*al) a. [Cf. F. balsamique.] Having the qualities of balsam; containing, or resembling, balsam; soft; mitigative; soothing; restorative.

(Bal`sam*if"er*ous) a. [Balsam + -ferous.] Producing balsam.

(Bal"sam*ine) n. [Cf. F. balsamine, fr. Gr. balsami`nh balsam plant.] (Bot.) The Impatiens balsamina, or garden balsam.

(Bal"sam*ous) a. Having the quality of balsam; containing balsam. "A balsamous substance." Sterne.

(Bal"ter) v. t. [Etymol. uncertain. Cf. Bloodboltered.] To stick together. [Obs.] Holland.

(Bal"tic) a. [NL. mare Balticum, fr. L. balteus belt, from certain straits or channels surrounding its isles, called belts. See Belt.] Of or pertaining to the sea which separates Norway and Sweden from Jutland, Denmark, and Germany; situated on the Baltic Sea.

Baltimore bird
(Bal"ti*more bird` Bal"ti*more o"ri*ole) (Zoöl.) A common American bird named after Lord Baltimore, because its colors (black and orange red) are like those of his coat of arms; — called also golden robin.

(Bal"us*ter) n. [F. balustre, It. balaustro, fr. L. balaustium the flower of the wild pomegranate, fr. Gr. balay`stion; — so named from the similarity of form.] (Arch.) A small column or pilaster, used as a support to the rail of an open parapet, to guard the side of a staircase, or the front of a gallery. See Balustrade. [Corrupted into banister.]

(Bal"us*tered) a. Having balusters. Dryden.

(Bal"us*trade`) n. [F. balustrade, It. balaustrata fr. balaustro. See Baluster.] (Arch.) A row of balusters topped by a rail, serving as an open parapet, as along the edge of a balcony, terrace, bridge, staircase, or the eaves of a building.

3. Anything that heals, soothes, or restores.

Was not the people's blessing a balsam to thy blood?

  By PanEris using Melati.

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