2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under Bacillus.]
3. An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium
(Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man
by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.
(||An*thre"nus) n. [NL., fr. Gr. a hornet.] (Zoöl.) A genus of small beetles, several of which,
in the larval state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The common "museum pest" is A.
varius; the carpet beetle is A. scrophulariæ. The larvæ are commonly confounded with moths.
(An*throp"ic An*throp"ic*al) a. (Zoöl.) Like or related to man; human. [R.] Owen.
(||An*throp"i*dæ) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. man.] (Zoöl.) The group that includes man only.
(An`thro*po*cen"tric) a. [Gr. man + center.] Assuming man as the center or ultimate
end; applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system. Draper.
(An`thro*po*gen"ic) a. Of or pertaining to anthropogeny.
(An`thro*pog"e*ny) n. [Gr. man + birth.] The science or study of human generation, or
the origin and development of man.
(An*throp"o*glot) n. [Gr. man + tongue.] (Zoöl.) An animal which has a tongue resembling
that of man, as the parrot.
(An`thro*pog"ra*phy) n. [Gr. man + -graphy.] That branch of anthropology which
treats of the actual distribution of the human race in its different divisions, as distinguished by physical
character, language, institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to ethnography, which treats historically
of the origin and filiation of races and nations. P. Cyc.
(An"thro*poid) a. [Gr. man + - oid.] Resembling man; applied especially to certain apes,
as the ourang or gorilla. n. An anthropoid ape.
(An`thro*poid"al) a. Anthropoid.
(||An`thro*poid"e*a) n. pl. [NL. See Anthropoid.] (Zoöl.) The suborder of primates which
includes the monkeys, apes, and man.
(An`thro*pol"a*try) n. [Gr. man + worship.] Man worship.
(An*throp"o*lite) n. [Gr. man + - lite.] (Paleon.) A petrifaction of the human body, or of
any portion of it.
(An`thro*po*log"ic An`thro*po*log"ic*al) a. Pertaining to anthropology; belonging to the
nature of man. "Anthropologic wisdom." Kingsley. An`thro*po*log"ic*al*ly, adv.
(An`thro*pol"o*gist) n. One who is versed in anthropology.
(An`thro*pol"o*gy) n. [Gr. man + -logy.]
1. The science of the structure and functions of the human body.
2. The science of man; sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of
natural history, or as an animal.
3. That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God.