1. To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives
afford oil; the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply of fish.
2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as,
a good life affords consolation in old age.
His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers.
The quiet lanes . . . afford calmer retreats.
3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great
injury; as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in charity.
4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances
be injurious; with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.
The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits.
He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer.
(Af*ford"a*ble) a. That may be afforded.
(Af*ford"ment) n. Anything given as a help; bestowal. [Obs.]
(Af*for"est) v. t. [LL. afforestare; ad + forestare. See Forest.] To convert into a forest; as, to
afforest a tract of country.
(Af*for`es*ta"tion) n. The act of converting into forest or woodland. Blackstone.
(Af*form"a*tive) n. An affix.
(Af*fran"chise) v. t. [F. affranchir; (L. ad) + franc free. See Franchise and Frank.] To
make free; to enfranchise. Johnson.
(Af*fran"chise*ment) n. [Cf. F. affranchissement.] The act of making free; enfranchisement.
(Af*frap") v. t. & i. [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to cut, mince, F. frapper to strike. See Frap.]
To strike, or strike down. [Obs.] Spenser.
(Af*fray") v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] [OE. afraien, affraien, OF. effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig.
to disquiet, put out of peace, fr. L. ex + OHG. fridu peace (akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray, Frith
1. To startle from quiet; to alarm.
Smale foules a great heap
That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my sleep.
2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.
That voice doth us affray.
(Af*fray") n. [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi, fr. OF. esfreer. See Affray, v. t.]
1. The act of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack. [Obs.]
2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.] Spenser.