(A*bun"dance) n. [OE. (h)abundaunce, abundance, F. abondance, L. abundantia, fr.
abundare. See Abound.] An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth:
strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of number.
It is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood hath been shed with small benefit to the
Syn. Exuberance; plenteousness; plenty; copiousness; overflow; riches; affluence; wealth. Abundance,
Plenty, Exuberance. These words rise upon each other in expressing the idea of fullness. Plenty denotes
a sufficiency to supply every want; as, plenty of food, plenty of money, etc. Abundance express more,
and gives the idea of superfluity or excess; as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit and humor; often,
however, it only denotes plenty in a high degree. Exuberance rises still higher, and implies a bursting
forth on every side, producing great superfluity or redundance; as, an exuberance of mirth, an exuberance
of animal spirits, etc.
Abundant number (Math.), a number, the sum of whose aliquot parts exceeds the number itself. Thus,
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This is opposed to a deficient number, as
14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2, 7, the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is equal to
the sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2., 3.
(A*bun"dant) a. [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant, fr. L. abudans, p. pr. of abundare.
See Abound.] Fully sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; followed by in, rarely by with. "Abundant
in goodness and truth." Exod. xxxiv. 6.
Syn. Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant; overflowing; rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal.
(A*bun"dant*ly), adv. In a sufficient degree; fully; amply; plentifully; in large measure.
(A*burst") adv. [Pref. a- + burst.] In a bursting condition.
(A*bus"a*ble) a. That may be abused.
(A*bus"age) n. Abuse. [Obs.] Whately
(A*buse") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused ; p. pr. & vb. n. Abusing.] [F. abuser; L. abusus, p. p.
of abuti to abuse, misuse; ab + uti to use. See Use.]
1. To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to
pervert; as, to abuse inherited gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's authority.
This principle (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly into popularity.
2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners,
to abuse one's powers, one's patience.
3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.
The . . . tellers of news abused the general.
4. To dishonor. "Shall flight abuse your name?" Shak.
5. To violate; to ravish. Spenser.