The men are called monks, and governed by an abbot; the women are called nuns, and governed by an
2. The church of a monastery.
In London, the Abbey means Westminster Abbey, and in Scotland, the precincts of the Abbey of Holyrood.
The name is also retained for a private residence on the site of an abbey; as, Newstead Abbey, the
residence of Lord Byron.
Syn. Monastery; convent; nunnery; priory; cloister. See Cloister.
(Ab"bot) n. [AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. 'abba^s, fr. Syriac abba father. Cf.
1. The superior or head of an abbey.
2. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. Encyc. Brit.
Abbot of the people. a title formerly given to one of the chief magistrates in Genoa. Abbot of
Misrule in mediæval times, the master of revels, as at Christmas; in Scotland called the Abbot of Unreason.
(Ab"bot*ship) n. [Abbot + - ship.] The state or office of an abbot.
(Ab*bre"vi*ate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abbreviated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Abbreviating.] [L. abbreviatus,
p. p. of abbreviare; ad + breviare to shorten, fr. brevis short. See Abridge.]
1. To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction or omission, especially of words written
It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off.
2. (Math.) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.
(Ab*bre"vi*ate) a. [L. abbreviatus, p. p.]
1. Abbreviated; abridged; shortened. [R.] "The abbreviate form." Earle.
2. (Biol.) Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the ordinary type.
(Ab*bre"vi*ate), n. An abridgment. [Obs.] Elyot.
(Ab*bre"vi*a`ted) a. Shortened; relatively short; abbreviate.
(Ab*bre`vi*a"tion) n. [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F. abbréviation.]
1. The act of shortening, or reducing.
2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment. Tylor.
3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing
for a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.
4. (Mus.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers,
or demi-semiquavers. Moore.
(Ab*bre"vi*a`tor) n. [LL.: cf. F. abbréviateur.]