5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
She hath abated me of half my train.
6. (Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate
a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion,
upon a deficiency of assets.
To abate a tax, to remit it either wholly or in part.
(A*bate") v. i. [See Abate, v. t.]
1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a storm abates.
The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated.
2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a writ abates.
To abate into a freehold, To abate in lands (Law), to enter into a freehold after the death of the last
possessor, and before the heir takes possession. See Abatement, 4.
Syn. To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish; lessen. To Abate, Subside. These words, as
here compared, imply a coming down from some previously raised or excited state. Abate expresses
this in respect to degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of intensity; as, the storm abates, the
cold abates, the force of the wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever abates. Subside (to settle
down) has reference to a previous state of agitation or commotion; as, the waves subside after a storm,
the wind subsides into a calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same distinction should be
observed. If we conceive of a thing as having different degrees of intensity or strength, the word to be
used is abate. Thus we say, a man's anger abates, the ardor of one's love abates, "Winter's rage
abates". But if the image be that of a sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or commotion,
the word to be used is subside; as, the tumult of the people subsides, the public mind subsided into
a calm. The same is the case with those emotions which are tumultuous in their nature; as, his passion
subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such cases,
we were thinking of the degree of violence of the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will abate in
the progress of time; and so in other instances.
(A*bate) n. Abatement. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
(A*bate"ment) n. [OF. abatement, F. abattement.]
1. The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting
an end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.
2. The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction; deduction; decrease; a rebate or
3. (Her.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.
4. (Law) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after the death of the last possessor,
before the heir or devisee. Blackstone.
Defense in abatement, Plea in abatement, (Law), plea to the effect that from some formal defect
(e.g. misnomer, want of jurisdiction) the proceedings should be abated.
(A*bat"er) n. One who, or that which, abates.
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