William L to Windmills
William L King of Prussia and Emperor of Germany, was called by his detractors Kaiser Tartuffe.
Willie-Wastle (the child's game). Willie Wastle was governor of Hume Castle, Haddington. When Cromwell
sent a summons to him to surrender, he replied-
Here I, Willie Wastle,Willow To handle the willow- i.e. the cricket bat.
To wear the willow. To go into mourning, especially for a sweetheart or bride. Fuller says, The willow is a sad tree, whereof such as have lost their love make their mourning garlands. The psalmist tells us that the Jews in captivity hanged their harps upon the willows in sign of mourning. (cxxxvii.)
Willow Garland An emblem of being forsaken. All round my hat I wear a green willow. So Shakespeare: I offered him my company to a willow-tree to make him a garland, as being forsaken. (Much Ado About Nothing, ii. 1.) The very term weeping willow will suffice to account for its emblematical character.
Willow Pattern To the right is a lordly mandarin's country seat. It is two storeys high to show the rank
and wealth of the possessor; in the foreground is a pavilion, in the background an orange-tree, and to
the right of the pavilion a peach-tree in full bearing. The estate is enclosed by an elegant wooden fence.
At one end of the bridge is the famous willow-tree, and at the other the gardener's cottage, one storey
high, and so humble that the grounds are wholly uncultivated, the only green thing being a small fir-
tree at the back. At the top of the pattern (left-hand side) is an island, with a cottage; the grounds are
highly cultivated, and much has been reclaimed from the water. The two birds are turtle-doves. The
three figures on the bridge are the mandarin's daughter with a distaff nearest the cottage, the lovers with
a boat in the middle, and nearest the willow-tree the mandarin with a whip.
Willy-nilly Nolens volens; willing or not. Will-he, nill-he, where nill is n' negative, and will, just as nolens is n'-volens.
Wilmington invoked by Thomson in his Winter, is Sir Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, the first patron of our poet, and Speaker of the House of Commons.
Wil't or Welk, to wither. This is the Dutch and German welken (to fade). Spenser says, When ruddy
Phoebus 'gains to welk in west- i.e. fade in the west.
A wilted debauchee is not a fruit of the tree of life.- J. Cook: The Orient, p. 149.Wiltshire (2 syl.) is Wilton-shire, Wilton being a contraction of Wily-town (the town on the river Wily).
Winchester According to the authority given below, Winchester was the Camelot of Arthurian romance.
Hanmer, referring to King Lear, ii. 2, says Camelot is Queen Camel, Somerset-shire, in the vicinity of
which are many large moors where are bred great quantities of geese, so that many other places are
from hence supplied with quills and feathers. Kent says to the Duke of Cornwall-
Goose, if I had you upon Sarum Plain,With all due respect to Hanmer, it seems far more probable that Kent refers to Camelford, in Cornwall, where the Duke of Cornwall resided, in his castle of Tintagel. He says, If I had you on Salisbury Plain [where geese abound], I would drive you home to Tintagel, on the river Camel. Though the Camelot of Shakespeare is Tintagel or Camelford, yet the Camelot of King Arthur may be Queen Camel; and indeed visitors are still pointed to
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