Tarrinzeau Field to Tear
Tarrinzeau Field The bowling-green of Southwark. So called because it belonged to the Barons Hastings, who were Barons Tarrinzeau and Mauchline.
Tartan Plaid A plaid is a long shawl or scarf- some twelve yards of narrow cloth wrapped round the waist, or over the chest and one shoulder, and reaching to the knees. It may be chequered or not, but the English use of the word in such a compound a Scotch-plaids, meaning chequered cloth, is a blunder for Scotch tartans. The tartan is the chequered pattern, every clan having its own tartan. A tartanplaid is a Scotch scarf of a tartan or checked pattern.
Tartar the deposit of wine, means infernal stuff, being derived from the word Tartaros (q.v.). Paracelsus says, It is so called because it produces oil, water, tincture, and salt, which burn the patient as the fires of Tartarus burn.
Tartaros (Greek), Tartarus (Latin). That part of the infernal regions where the wicked are punished.
Tartuffe (2 syl.). The principal character of Moliére's comedy so called. The original was the Abbé de Roquette, a parasite of the Prince de Condé. It is said that the name is from the Italian tartuffoli (truffles), and was suggested to Moliére on seeing the sudden animation which lighted up the faces of certain monks when they heard that a seller of truffles awaited their orders. Bickerstaff's play, The Hypocrite, is an English version of Tartuffe.
Tassel-Gentle The tiercel is the male of the goshawk. So called because it is a tierce or third less
than the female. This is true of all birds of prey. The tiercel-gentle was the class of hawk appropriate
to princes. (See Hawk. )
O for a falconer's voice
Tasselled Gentleman A fop, a man dressed in fine clothes. A corruption of Tercel-gentle by a double blunder: (1) Tercel, erroneously supposed to be tassel, and to refer to the tags and tassels worn by men on their dress; and (2) gentle corrupted into gentlemen, according to the Irish exposition of the verse, The gentle shall inherit the earth.
Tatianists The disciples of Tatian, who, after the death of Justin Martyr, formed a new scheme of religion; for
he advanced the notion of certain invisible aeons, branded marriage with the name of fornication, and
denied the salvation of Adam. (Irenaeus. Adv. Hereses (ed. Grabe), pp. 105, 106, 262.)
Tatterdemalion A ragamuffin.
Tattoo A beat on the drum at night to recall the soldiers to their barracks. It sounded at nine in summer
and eight in winter. (French, tapoter or tapotez tous.)
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